12 Teacher Strategies to Inspire Listening, Learning and Self-Control (2022)

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Challenging Classroom Behavior

Let’s start with the bad news: Teachers can’t actually control their students’ behavior. That’s because the only behavior a person can control is his or her own. And when teachers try to directly restrict what students say or do, they’re usually left feeling frustrated and helpless.

The good news? Teachers can apply some evidence-based strategies to help students take charge of their own behavior and learn how to interact with their environment in a positive way.

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Why Do Kids Misbehave?

Behavior is a form of communication. For kids with ADHD, poor behavior usually blossoms from a skill deficit. A child who’s unable to express his frustration verbally may instead throw his pencil across the room; a child who feels socially ostracized may respond by pushing a classmate on the playground. The only way to prevent these undesirable outcomes is for teachers to identify the root causes of bad behavior — and set up systems that promote greater self-awareness and self-control.

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What Can Teachers Do?

Of course, this is easier said than done because each child and situation is unique. But children with ADHD do tend to exhibit certain behavior patterns that stem from common triggers. To avoid these, teachers can use these 12 strategies to create structure, reduce boredom, and help children with ADHD connect causes to effects.

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1. Make expectations clear.

Kids feel more in control when they know exactly what’s expected of them, which is why teachers should begin each new school year by establishing clear behavioral expectations. Begin by asking the class to help you devise a list of rules to keep everyone’s attention focused on learning. Be sure to state the rules in a positive way whenever possible to give children positive behavioral goals. “Raise your hand and wait to be called on before speaking” is better than “Don’t speak unless you’re called on.”

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2. Have a predictable daily schedule.

Kids also feel in control when teachers post a clear, easy-to-follow schedule for everyone to see. For younger kids, the schedule may include pictures — an image of a book to represent quiet reading time, for instance. For older kids, it may include homework specifics and main objectives of the day’s lessons. Teachers should check off or erase items as the day progresses to help kids with ADHD learn to manage their time and prepare for upcoming transitions — a common trigger for bad behavior.

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3. Explicitly teach routines.

Daily, repeated tasks like lining up for recess, sitting through roll call, or copying down homework assignments don’t always come naturally to students with ADHD. Teachers may interpret the child’s forgetfulness or confusion as defiance, when it’s really just a product of underdeveloped executive functions.

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To prevent schedule slip-ups — and the problem behaviors that often come with them — a teacher may need to work one-on-one with some students to explicitly teach the daily routine. If a child repeatedly acts out at certain times of day, for instance, a “cue card” designed especially for those trigger situations can be helpful. An example: If a student struggles to settle into quiet reading time after recess — and instead provokes other children or moves around the room — he may benefit from a small card that spells out all the steps he needs to follow the moment he returns from recess. On days when he successfully completes all the steps, a small reward can help reinforce the correct routine.

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4. Be consistent.

When kids with ADHD don’t follow directions, it’s sometimes due to defiance — but more often it’s because they failed to understand or pay attention to each step. Teachers can avoid this by establishing an auditory or visual cue that alerts the entire class that you’re about to give a direction — clapping your hands twice, for instance, or standing in the same spot every time you impart an instruction. Once students become accustomed to the cue, you’ll be amazed at how much better they tune in!

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5. Give better directions.

Kids are better able to follow the instructions of teachers who do the following:

  • Make eye contact. Of course, you can’t hold eye contact with 25 children at once while you speak. But you can do a quick scan of the room to make sure every child is looking at you before you begin speaking, and make eye contact with the few who are struggling to maintain attention.
  • Break tasks into steps. Chunking large amounts of information into smaller pieces makes it easier for children to digest. Writing each step on the board as you go is also a good idea for children who process information visually.
  • Ask kids to restate. Check for comprehension by asking a few children to repeat back what’s expected of them. Rephrasing instructions in their own words makes it more likely children will understand — and follow — them.

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6. Teach emotional regulation.

Kids with ADHD feel emotions more intensely than do their peers. This makes it tough to put on the brakes when a situation triggers feelings of anger or excitement, which can result in aggressive or inappropriate behavior. And since emotions are abstract, many children can’t identify what they’re feeling — and don’t know what they need to do to calm down again.

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Teachers can help students regain emotional control by helping them recognize physical signs of strong emotions, and offering strategies for reacting appropriately. There are many different ways to do this, including a structured program called The Zones of Regulation. Teachers can learn more at zonesofregulation.com.

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7. Create external structure in the classroom environment.

Structure is more than a daily routine. It’s also possible to arrange the classroom’s physical environment in ways that make it less likely students will act out. This can be done by positioning the desks in a specific way — a U-shape helps children manage their behavior since they’re all easily accessible by the teacher — or by setting up “stations” around the room for different activities. Group work, for instance, might always take place in the corners of the room, so kids with ADHD are less likely to get distracted or involved in what other groups are doing.

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8. Make consequences immediate.

When children do misbehave, consequences should follow swiftly. Kids with ADHD struggle to connect delayed punishments — like after-school detention — to negative behavior during the day. If the child is able to directly associate the punishment with the undesired behavior, she’ll be more likely to change that behavior in the future.

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9. Make better behavior a class-wide goal.

Singling out children who act out can backfire and lead to more bad behavior. Instead, set up a systematic behavior management framework — like a token system — that the whole class adheres to, so no one child feels the teacher is fixating specifically on him. If you prefer a more high-tech approach, apps like ClassDojo (for younger kids) or RedCritter Teacher (for older kids) can help you measure and track the behavior of your entire class.

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10. Provide students with options.

One way to avoid oppositional behavior — and help children feel they can control frustrating situations — is to present them with a choice. For instance, if a child is refusing to work on an assignment, ask her, “What would help you get this done: working with a partner or going to a quiet room to finish on your own?” When the scenario is presented this way, completing the assignment isn’t optional — but the student retains some control over exactly how it gets done.

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11. Make good behavior a game.

Boredom is a common trigger for kids with ADHD. When the ADHD brain is bored, it seeks stimulation — sometimes in the form of disruptive behavior. Teachers can provide some novelty to a restless brain by turning good behavior into a game. A straightforward point system — where earned points can be exchanged for rewards each day or each week — is an easy way for teachers to encourage good behavior.

Other teachers choose to split students into teams that compete to obtain a desired behavior — which team can read quietly for the longest amount of time? Or who can organize their desks the fastest? A quick behavior game will break up the long school day and plays to the ADHD desire for novelty and competition, while clearly modeling the expected behavior.

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12. Allow movement.

Decades of research directly link physical movement to mental stamina, improved cognitive ability, and better behavior. All children — but especially those with ADHD — learn and conduct themselves better when they’re given frequent opportunities to move throughout the day. Having children march in place while reciting math facts, for instance, won’t just help them with memorization. It will also burn off excess energy and reduce the chance of outbursts later. And remember: recess should never be taken away as a punishment — doing so only increases the chance that a child will redirect his unused energy in a negative way.

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Teachers Can't Fix Everything

These rules aren’t exhaustive. The goal of each is to teach better behavior over the long-term AND design a classroom environment where students are more likely to behave. But children will still act out. It’s important to remember that, as a teacher, sometimes a child’s behavior will be beyond your ability to correct. If a child is repeatedly engaging in behavior that’s dangerous to himself or others, seek additional help — from a qualified behavioral psychologist, the student’s IEP team, or the child’s parents.

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How do you teach self control in the classroom? ›

Green Light for Self-Regulation
  1. Talk clearly, simply, and often about behaviors that matter. ...
  2. Establish routines. ...
  3. Build in time for happy movement throughout the day. ...
  4. Call attention to attention. ...
  5. Make a game out of it. ...
  6. Encourage prosocial behaviors.
2 Dec 2016

What are the teaching strategies for students with behavior problem? ›

Effective General Teaching Strategies for Behavior Issues
  • Provide a calm environment.
  • Minimize distractions.
  • Emphasize routine.
  • Behavioral expectations should reflect behavioral abilities.
  • Focus on assisting student rather than disciplining.
  • Provide a time out/study area away from the group.
  • Make sure the student feels safe.

What are self-control strategies? ›

Definition. Self-control strategies are cognitive and behavioral skills used by individuals to maintain self-motivation and achieve personal goals. Initially the skills may be learned from a therapist, text, or self-help book.

How can a teacher enhance self-control in learners? ›

12 tips for teaching self-control
  1. Help kids avoid temptation: Out of sight, out of mind. ...
  2. Create an environment where self-control is consistently rewarded. ...
  3. Support young children with timely reminders. ...
  4. Play games that help preschoolers practice self-control. ...
  5. Give kids a break. ...
  6. Turn “must do” tasks into “want to” tasks.

What are some strategies for helping students develop new behavior skills? ›

Some examples of useful interventions include building relationships, adapting the environment, managing sensory stimulation, changing communication strategies, providing prompts and cues, using a teach, review, and reteach process, and developing social skills.

What behavior strategies were effective in managing the behavior of the learners? ›

Eight Student Behavior Management Strategies
  • Engage the Class in Setting Behavior Expectations. ...
  • Provide Immediate But Subtle Corrections. ...
  • Model and Promote Positive Behaviors. ...
  • Provide Time to Transition. ...
  • Encourage Advanced Learners. ...
  • Engage Parents with Positive Communication Opportunities.
9 Apr 2020

What are some positive behavior support strategies? ›

9 Examples of Positive Behavioral Interventions
  • Routines. Set clear routines for everything you would like students to do in your classroom, rather than assuming that students know your expectations. ...
  • Breaks. ...
  • Silent Signals. ...
  • Proximity. ...
  • Quiet Corrections. ...
  • Special Tasks. ...
  • Positive Phrasing. ...
  • Behavior Statements.
26 May 2022

What are teaching strategies in education? ›

Teaching strategies, also known as instructional strategies, are methods that teachers use to deliver course material in ways that keep students engaged and practicing different skill sets. An instructor may select different teaching strategies according to unit topic, grade level, class size, and classroom resources.

What are the 5 approaches to classroom management? ›

5 Effective Classroom Management Strategies
  • Write Down the Rules.
  • Let Students Help.
  • Encourage Questioning.
  • Let Students Lead.
  • Encourage Group Projects.
21 Sept 2021

How do you motivate students in the classroom? ›

Strategies to Motivate Students in the Classroom
  1. Build relationships with your students. ...
  2. Use examples as often as possible. ...
  3. When possible, hand over control to the student. ...
  4. Use all types of technology available to you. ...
  5. Provide specific praise to students for little things and big things. ...
  6. Set up a token or points system.
4 Oct 2016

How can teachers maintain a focus on teaching and learning? ›

These include: Essential questions, which are used to determine the goal of lessons. Activating strategy, which is a method teachers use to get students excited about and connecting the content to their own lives. Relevant vocabulary, which refers to using vocabulary that students understand.

What are the five strategies for successful large class handling? ›

With the right teaching strategies, you can succeed even when a class is large.
  • Learn All of the Names. ...
  • Use a Seating Chart. ...
  • Make Clear Rules and Stick to Them. ...
  • Be Active. ...
  • Plan … a Lot. ...
  • Have an Escape Plan. ...
  • Keep Resources Accessible. ...
  • Divide Students Into Teams.

What are five techniques for self-control? ›

5 Ways To Improve Self-Control
  • Remove temptation.
  • Measure Your Progress.
  • Learn How To Manage Stress.
  • Prioritize Things.
  • Forgive Yourself.
28 Jun 2018

What are some examples of self-control? ›

More examples of displaying self-control include going to the gym instead of staying home to watch TV, or getting started on a project early instead of procrastinating. Emotional self-control is important, too. It prevents us from screaming at others when we're angry or from punching someone when they wrong us.

What are the 3 types of self-control? ›

There are three types of self-control: impulse control, emotional control, and movement control.
At a glance
  • Self-control is a skill that develops over time.
  • It lets kids manage their emotions, impulses, and movements.
  • Some kids struggle with self-control even as they get older.

What strategies did you use to teach and support children with self-regulation? ›

Here are some pointers for how you can support the development of regulation skills in children.
  • Manage your own stress. ...
  • Keep the end goal in mind. ...
  • Develop realistic expectations. ...
  • Stay calm and model self-regulation. ...
  • Be supportive and encouraging.

Why is self-control important in teaching? ›

Self-control is crucial to learning in the classroom. The more students are able to control unhelpful impulses such as procrastinating, losing focus, and distracting themselves, the more effectively they are able to learn.

How a teacher can use motivational strategies to control problem Behaviours in the classroom give examples? ›

Here are some strategies that can be used in the classroom to help motivate students:
  • Promote growth mindset over fixed mindset. ...
  • Develop meaningful and respectful relationships with your students. ...
  • Grow a community of learners in your classroom. ...
  • Establish high expectations and establish clear goals. ...
  • Be inspirational.
4 Jun 2018

What are the six behavioral strategies? ›

Here are six safe and effective behavior management strategies for remaining calm and professional during challenging situations.
  • Be Mindful of Your Own Reaction. ...
  • Maintain Rational Detachment. ...
  • Be Attentive. ...
  • Use Positive Self-Talk. ...
  • Recognize Your Limits. ...
  • Debrief.
17 Aug 2012

Which is one of the most effective methods to increase productive learning behaviors? ›

Recognizing and reinforcing positive behaviors is one of the most effective ways to produce positive actions in students, strengthen intrinsic motivation, and create a productive and positive learning environment. Always respond with positivity.

Which teaching strategies will best facilitate my students learning explain? ›

Pose thought-provoking questions which inspire your students to think for themselves and become more independent learners. Encouraging students to ask questions and investigate their own ideas helps improve their problem-solving skills as well as gain a deeper understanding of academic concepts.

How do you handle students behavioral issues in the classroom? ›

Here are some common threads from the resources below:
  1. Stay calm and try not to take the disruption personally. ...
  2. Decide when you will deal with the situation. ...
  3. Listen to the student and check your understanding of their situation. ...
  4. Decide how to proceed, and then follow through. ...
  5. Document the situation.

What strategies do you use for behaviour management with preschoolers? ›

Encouraging Good Behavior
  • Strategy #1: Set Clear Expectations for Behavior (Specific, Observable, Measurable) ...
  • Strategy #2: Create a Structured Environment with Routines and Schedules. ...
  • Strategy #3: Consider Situational and Environmental Factors. ...
  • Strategy #4: Encourage Good Behavior with Praise and Positive Attention.
19 Apr 2021

What are some Behavioural strategies? ›

Top 10 Used Behavioral Strategies in 2020
  • 1) Check-in/Check-out. ...
  • 2) PBIS Reward System/Token Economy. ...
  • 3) Self-Monitoring Tracking System. ...
  • 4) Structured Routines. ...
  • 5) Praise/Positive Reinforcement. ...
  • 6) Alternative Models of Completing Assignments. ...
  • 7) Busy Hands. ...
  • 8) Goal Setting.
6 Jan 2021

What are 5 positive strategies that you can use to reinforce positive behaviors for students with autism? ›

10 Easy-to-Implement Behavior Strategies for Children with Autism
  • Teach time management.
  • Set realistic expectations.
  • Reinforce positive behaviors.
  • Give choices for non-preferred activities.
  • Use visuals and social stories.
  • Teach coping skills and calming strategies.
  • Practice transitions.
  • Be consistent each day.

How do schools manage children's challenging Behaviour? ›

Classroom Conflict: 7 Effective Strategies for Dealing with Challenging Behaviour
  1. 1) Take A Restorative Approach. ...
  2. 2) Getting To Know You. ...
  3. 3) Turn Positive Behaviour Into A Lesson. ...
  4. 4) Replace Negatives With Positives. ...
  5. 5) Only Punish Students When Necessary. ...
  6. 6) Create A Calm Space. ...
  7. 7) Don't Practice Public Consequences.
26 Aug 2020

What are the 3 C's of classroom management? ›

As you consider some of your most challenging students or classes, think about your approach to classroom management through the lens of these three areas: connection, consistency, and compassion.

What are the 7 principles of teaching? ›

The principles are identified as:
  • Learners at the centre.
  • The social nature of learning.
  • Emotions are integral to learning.
  • Recognising individual differences.
  • Stretching all students.
  • Assessment for learning.
  • Building horizontal connections.
13 Oct 2016

Why are teaching strategies effective? ›

When a teacher implements a combination of effective teaching strategies, their students have more opportunities to perform better in class. There are many different approaches you can use in your classroom. Which ones will work best depends on your and your students' preferences, as well as your schedule.

What are active learning strategies? ›

Active learning methods ask students to engage in their learning by thinking, discussing, investigating, and creating. In class, students practice skills, solve problems, struggle with complex questions, make decisions, propose solutions, and explain ideas in their own words through writing and discussion.

What are the seven approaches to classroom management? ›

This diversity in learning styles calls for a variety of approaches to classroom management. This study is anchored with the seven primary classroom management approaches: Assertive, Business-Academic, Behavioral-Modification, Group Managerial, Group Guidance, Acceptance, and Success.

How do you control students talking in class? ›

Dealing with Excessive Talking
  1. Communicate your rules regarding talking. ...
  2. Cue the student to stop talking with a pre-arranged signal. ...
  3. Stand by your students. ...
  4. Do not bail out a student who has been talking. ...
  5. Use a noise meter. ...
  6. Keep track of their noisiness using a stopwatch.

Why is classroom management strategies important? ›

Classroom management systems are effective because they increase student success by creating an orderly learning environment that enhances students' academic skills and competencies, as well as their social and emotional development.

How a teacher can inspire students? ›

How Do Teachers Inspire Students?
  • Always believe your students will succeed!
  • Try new things… ...
  • Be awesome and “cool”, not boring!
  • Teach your students “why” learning is so important. ...
  • Inspire by introducing them to heroes, old and new.
  • Make learning fun.
  • Share a mutual respect for each other.
1 Feb 2018

How can teachers motivate learners? ›

Students get motivated to study more on receiving praise or a positive reaction from their teachers. They look for approval on doing things correctly and feel valued when their work is recognized. Therefore, using positive reinforcement builds the confidence required in students to work harder.

How do teachers engage students in learning? ›

Promoting student engagement through active learning

Strategies include, but are not limited to, question-and-answer sessions, discussion, interactive lecture (in which students respond to or ask questions), quick writing assignments, hands-on activities, and experiential learning.

How can teachers improve teaching skills? ›

Tips to develop modern teaching skills
  1. Embrace technology. ...
  2. Identify instructional objectives. ...
  3. Use co-operative learning. ...
  4. Ask about students' experience. ...
  5. Meet other teachers. ...
  6. Learn to handle unruly behaviours. ...
  7. Take courses. ...
  8. Use of portfolios.

How do you keep students motivated and engaged? ›

5 simple ways to engage and motivate learners
  1. Set clear learning goals. ...
  2. Make learning convenient. ...
  3. Get creative with course content. ...
  4. Reward learners for engagement. ...
  5. Create open communication channels. ...
  6. Offer real-life rewards for successful training and improved performance. ...
  7. Use on-the-job training and relatable simulations.

How do you explain self-control to students? ›

Self-control means being able to resist immediate temptations and avoid acting on impulse in order to achieve more important goals, such as learning or being kind. When kids have better self-control, they do better in school and get along better with others.

What is a good example of self-control? ›

More examples of displaying self-control include going to the gym instead of staying home to watch TV, or getting started on a project early instead of procrastinating. Emotional self-control is important, too. It prevents us from screaming at others when we're angry or from punching someone when they wrong us.

What does self-control look like in school? ›

Grabbing things instead of asking first. Cutting in line and having a hard time taking turns. Getting frustrated easily and giving up quickly. Bursting into tears in response to gentle teasing.

What are the three components of self-control? ›

Self-control is part of a group of skills called executive function. Kids develop these skills over time. There are three types of self-control: impulse control, emotional control, and movement control.

What are some ways to help children develop self-control? ›

Read aloud to your children. Forcing your children to sit still and listen helps develop their self-control, patience, and attentiveness. Require your children to stay quietly in their beds once they've been tucked in. Having them stay in their beds even when they don't want to, helps develop their self-control.

Why is self-control important for students? ›

Self-control is crucial to learning in the classroom. The more students are able to control unhelpful impulses such as procrastinating, losing focus, and distracting themselves, the more effectively they are able to learn.

What is the importance of self-control? ›

Self-control is an important skill to develop because these same emotions occur in any person who feels that their needs or desires are not being met. However, a person who lacks self-control may respond in a variety of ways including with anger, physical violence or by turning to unhealthy coping mechanisms.

Why is focus and self-control important? ›

Focus and Self Control involves executive function skills, including paying attention (focus); remembering what we need to know so we can use this information (working memory); thinking flexibly so we can respond to the changing circumstances in our lives (cognitive flexibility); and resisting an automatic response ( ...

What are the characteristics of self-control? ›

In adults personality characteristics related to self-control include impulsivity, sensation seeking, conscientiousness, and emotional stability. Impulsivity and sensation seeking are negatively correlated with self-control, whereas conscientiousness and emotional stability are positively correlated with self-control.

How do you teach a child to control impulsivity? ›

  1. Impulse Control Techniques That Work for. Children. ...
  2. Teach Your Child to Label Feelings. ...
  3. Ask Your Child to Repeat the Directions. ...
  4. Teach Problem-Solving Skills. ...
  5. Teach Anger Management Skills. ...
  6. Establish Household Rules. ...
  7. Provide Structure and Be Consistent. ...
  8. Practice Delayed Gratification.

How do you use self-control? ›

Here are five ways to help improve self-control and build good habits:
  1. Remove temptation. We are not wired to consistently resist temptation, a study found that the way most people resist temptation is to remove the temptation. ...
  2. Measure Your Progress. ...
  3. Learn How To Manage Stress. ...
  4. Prioritize Things. ...
  5. Forgive Yourself.
28 Jun 2018

What are the four benefits of self-control? ›

Self-control can enhance your decision making capacity. Self-control can help you curtail your high temperaments/anger rate. Self-control plays a major role in your emotional happiness. Self-control can help stabilise and solve trust issues in a relationship or marriage.

What's another name for self-control? ›

OTHER WORDS FOR self-control

self-discipline, self-restraint, willpower, levelheadedness.

What are the 3 types of self-discipline? ›

Three types of Self-Discipline

Here are examples of three types: active discipline, reactive discipline, and proactive discipline.


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