5 Things All Dog Owners Should Know About Lectins In Dog Food (2023)

Lectins are a controversial topic. Lectin foods can be rich in important nutrients … but they can also be harmful (1). That’s true for humans, anyway. But what about lectins in dog food?

There are several questions that come up when you consider lectins for dogs:

  • Are high-lectin foods toxic for dogs?
  • What health issues can lectins in dog food cause?
  • What’s the link between lectins, grain-free dog diets, taurine and heart disease?
  • What foods should your dog avoid?

Read on for the answer to those questions and more about lectins.

Top 5 Things To Know About Lectins

These are the most important points about lectins.

#1 What Are Lectins?

Lectins are plant proteins … and they can be toxic. In fact, they’re the plant’s defense mechanism. Since plants can’t escape predators, they have other ways of protecting themselves. Some have thorns, some have poisonous berries … and others have lectins. If a plant contains lectins, the person, animal or bug who eats it can get sick. So next time, they’ll probably avoid it! (2)

Lectins are sticky proteins that bind to carbohydrates. That means lectins make carbohydrates clump together. When your dog eats food with lectins, they look for the sugars and starches in his body and grab onto them. And when that happens, they stop your dog’s body from working properly. That’s why lectins are considered “antinutrients.”

What Are Antinutrients?
Antinutrients can interfere with digestive enzymes. They block the absorption of other nutrients like vitamins and minerals. This is part of the plant’s defense mechanism … antinutrients can deter predators from eating them. Some of the nutrients blocked by lectins include calcium, iron, phosphorus and zinc.

Lectins can also survive digestion. So they can get into the digestive tract and cause problems there too. They can cause digestive discomfort like gas, bloating, nausea or diarrhea. But digestive issues aren’t the only problem lectins can cause. (3)

Lectins can stop important cell communication. And your dog’s body responds with inflammation. Inflammation can make your dog more susceptible to disease and illness.

That’s not all. Remember lectins are “sticky” proteins? That means they can attach to harmful bacteria and viruses, helping them stick to cells in the body. So lectins could mean your dog is more likely to pick up infections. Some lectins are truly poisonous. Ricin contained in castor beans is a deadly poison. There are news stories about public figures receiving packages containing ricin to try to poison them.

And red kidney beans contain high levels of a lectin called phytohemagglutinin. This means it’s very dangerous to eat red kidney beans raw or undercooked. Even cooking them in a slow cooker is risky, because the temperatures aren’t high enough (lectin foods should be cooked at over 100C/212F for more than 30 minutes to inactivate the lectins).

But it’s not all bad …

Good Things Lectins Do
Despite all the negative press lectins get … they do have a good side. There are several classes of lectins … and they’re not all harmful. Here are some of the good things about lectins.

  • Lectin antioxidants protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • They slow digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. This helps prevent blood sugar spikes and diabetes.
  • They may reduce cardiovascular disease risk.
  • They can promote weight loss.
  • They’re rich in B vitamins, protein, and minerals.
  • They’re a good source of fiber. When undigested fiber reaches the colon, it’s fermented by bacteria. This converts it to short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). SCFAs build immune cells and help protect the gut lining. Fiber as a prebiotic also feeds the good bacteria in the gut.
  • They may be anti-cancer. Research shows some lectins may cause cancer cell death (4).

So, lectins aren’t all bad. But lectins can be bad for your dog … so which foods contain high levels of lectins?

(Video) She quit lectins - and so did her dog! | Ep123

#2 Where Are Lectins?

Lectins are in all foods, but the main problems are in plant foods. The main culprits are legumes and grains …

Lectins In Legumes

  • Peanuts
  • Cashews
  • Lentils
  • Lima beans
  • Red kidney beans
  • Peas
  • Soybeans
  • Fava beans
  • Chickpeas
  • Pinto beans

Lectins In Grains

  • Wheat
  • Oats
  • Barley
  • Quinoa
  • Rye
  • Corn
  • Millet
  • Buckwheat

Other Foods With Lectins

Harmful lectins are also in some other surprising places.

  • Nightshade vegetables(potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, peppers)
  • Cow’s milk, yogurts and cheeses made withA1 milk(meaning most commercial milk)

GMOs In Lectins
Lectins are also in many genetically modified (GMO) foods. Remember lectins in plants can harm predators like insects?Well … GMO developers take advantage of that. They splice lectins into GMOs to increase their pest and fungus resistance. There are already many reasons to avoid feeding your dog GMOs … and lectins are another one.

Safe Lectin Foods

Lectins are in many plant foods. But some contain low levels of lectins that are not harmful. Lectins are not a concern in the foods listed below. The nutritional benefits outweigh the risks of low lectin amounts.

  • Nut and seeds (chia, pumpkin, sunflower)
  • Squashes (pumpkin, butternut or acorn squash, zucchini)
  • Fruits (bananas, melons, goji berries)
  • Green veggies (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, leafy greens)

#3 How Lectins In Dog Food Harm Your Dog

Earlier you saw some of the ways lectins in dog foods can damage your dog’s health. But here are some specifics.

Lectins Damage Your Dog’s Gut
Digestive problems are one of the most common effects of eating lectins. That’s their defensive nature again. They discourage being eaten by causing digestive distress. That could just mean a bit of gassiness, nausea or loose stool for your dog. Or it could be much worse.Because lectin survive digestion, they get into the gut. Research shows the harm they do there (1, 5)

  • Interfering with nutrient digestion
  • Damaging the cells in the gut lining
  • Shifting bacterial flora, affecting your dog’s immune response
  • Disrupting metabolism of fats, proteins and carbs
  • Harming internal organs and tissues
  • Altering hormones

These effects on the gut are the biggest problems with lectins. They can cause widespread havoc in your dog’s body … with leaky gut syndrome.

The cells in your dog’s gut lining usually stick close together. These tight junctions stop toxins from getting into your dog’s blood stream. But the cells can get damaged. This opens up the junctions between the cells, letting particles to pass through. This lets toxins, allergens, bacteria and yeast into the blood stream.

Leaky Gut Problems
Leaky gut can be at the root of many health issues for your dog, including …

  • Food sensitivities
  • Allergies
  • Yeast
  • Skin problems
  • Arthritis
  • Autoimmune disease (6, 7)
  • Digestive diseases like IBS
  • Liver or kidney issues
  • Thyroid issues
  • Behavior problems

As you can see, leaky gut is at the heart of a host of chronic health problems (8). So it’s really important to avoid it in your dog. Lectins in foods can be one of the biggest culprits.And with lectins, it’s a bit of a vicious circle. If your dog’s gut is damaged, it’ll be more sensitive to harm from any lectins he eats!

RELATED: Leaky gut in dogs: a growing epidemic

Grain-Free Dog Foods And Taurine Deficiencies

There’s been a lot of press about a possible link between grain-free foods and canine heart disease … specifically dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).This started with a 2018 FDA announcement that they were investigating these foods. As of a November 2020 announcement, the investigation continues, without any real conclusions. The latest information was presented at a September 2020 forum hosted by Kansas State University. You can read some of the papers here.

(Video) Is Vegan Dog Food Healthy Or Harmful? (Veterinarian Explains)

So, what does this have to do with lectins?

Grain-free foods started as a marketing ploy by the pet food industry. Consumers realized that dogs don’t need grains in their diets. So they wanted grain-free foods.But you can’t make kibble without starch. That’s what holds it together. So the industry found an alternative starch … in the form of legumes and potatoes … which are high lectin foods. And they promoted these diets as grain-free.

DCM And Taurine
Grain-free foods are the main target of this FDA investigation. Taurine deficiency can be one cause of DCM. The FDA suspects these diets don’t provide sufficient taurine for dogs. But they do admit that there are many possible causes of DCM … so they haven’t pinpointed the reason for DCM cases. They’re not even sure it has anything to do with diet.But here’s a bit of history about taurine in pet foods.

Taurine In Pet Foods
The link between DCM and taurine was first discovered in cats in the 1970s. Cats were developing heart disease. That’s because, unlike dogs, cats can’t manufacture taurine. So they need it in their diets. They weren’t getting enough taurine from their starchy commercial diets. So manufacturers started adding taurine to the diets. Taurine is considered an essential amino acid for cats. So supplementing with taurine solved the problem.

Researchers later found some dog breeds had DCM caused by taurine deficiency. Newfoundlands, Golden Retrievers and American Cocker Spaniels all had DCM and low blood taurine levels. The dogs recovered when they were given taurine supplements. The history was summarized by Lisa Freeman DVM et al in an article in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (9)

So that’s why the FDA and other researchers think grain-free diets could be part of the problem. There could be something to that theory.

How Taurine Works In Dogs
Taurine is an amino acid.It’s considered non-essential for dogs … because they make taurine themselves. But to make taurine, your dog’s body needs two other amino acids: methionine and cysteine.

Methionine and cysteine are plentiful in many meats, as well as eggs and fish. So why would swapping grains for legumes and potatoes cause a taurine deficiency? There are lectins in grains too, aren’t there?

But here’s the difference.

Legumes Vs Grains In Dog Food
The grains in dog food do have lectins. But they’re low in protein. And legumes like lentils, peas or beans are much higher in protein than grains.So … adding these foods instead of grains allowed manufacturers to use more plant proteins. That allowed them to cut back on more expensive animal proteins. And the result is more lectins in dog food.

Using legumes isn’t just about marketing … it’s about bigger profits too.So because there’s less meat … these foods have lower levels of methionine and cysteine. And that means dogs don’t get these building blocks to make taurine.And it’s not just that there’s less methionine and cysteine in the food. The problem is compounded because …

  • Lectins also stop dogs absorbing methionine and cysteine. Again, dogs need these to make taurine.
  • AND … inflammation from lectins may stop dogs from producing taurine as well.

And there’s one more thing. You can deactivate lectins in foods by pressure cooking them. But pressure cooking also reduces taurine levels.

Do Lectins In Dog Food Cause DCM?
Well … the FDA is still investigating. And it appears they may have backed off the initial scare and it was all a false alarm.There’s good reason to be suspicious of the effects of these lectin foods on your dog’s taurine production. But poultry, beef, fish, eggs and organ meats are all rich in taurine. Feed your dog a diet with plenty of animal proteins … and he won’t have a taurine deficiency. (Sadly that doesn’t guarantee he won’t get DCM, because there could be other reasons for that.)

Lectins Increase Glyphosate Exposure
This isn’t a direct health effect of lectins. But it’s impossible to talk about lectins without considering it. Many high lectin foods are contaminated with the pesticide glyphosate (Roundup). Earlier we mentioned GMOs … and there’s some overlap. Many high-lectin grains and legumes are foods that are often genetically modified (GMO) … like wheat, corn or soy.And that means these crops are sprayed with the weedkiller glyphosate. But it’s not just GMOs. Other crops are sprayed with glyphosate as a dessicant, to dry them before harvesting. These include …

  • Oats
  • Wheat
  • Legumes
  • Barley
  • Millet
  • Potatoes

In fact, testing by researchers at HRI Labs shows the OWL foods are the very highest in glyphosate. OWL stands for oats, wheat and legumes. And those 3 categories include other grains like barley and rye … plus legumes like lentils, chickpeas and beans. These are all high-lectin foods.

(Video) Can Dogs Eat Lentils?

HRI Labs has also shown that dogs have 30 times more glyphosate in their bodies than the average human! And even more than horses and cats. That’s likely because kibble contains massive levels of glyphosate. Kibble has 200 to 600 parts per billion (ppb) of glyphosate. That’s compared to raw dog food at only 5 ppb. So kibble-fed dogs are getting whopping amounts of glyphosate in their food.

Why Avoid Glyphosate

You don’t want your dog to eat glyphosate. The WHO has said that glyphosate is ….

  • A probable human carcinogen
  • Aknown animal carcinogen

So glyphosate can increase your dog’s risk of cancer … as well as many other effects on health (10, 11):

  • Interferes with gut bacteria
  • Damages the gut lining, causing leaky gut
  • Harms kidney function, can cause kidney disease
  • By disrupting gut bacteria, weakens the immune system
  • Is linked to autoimmune disease and chronic inflammatory diseases

There are ways to deactivate or block lectins. But you can’t get glyphosate out of food. So glyphosate is another big reason to avoid giving your dog high-lectin foods. And raw dog foods have tiny amounts of glyphosate. So a raw diet is your best choice.If you do feed kibble, try to find one that’s organic. Organic foods have 95% less glyphosate.

So … what can you safely feed your dog to avoid lectins?

#4 What To Feed Your Dog

So what should you feed your dog? Focus on a meat-based diet. Most meats are low in lectins. And they have plenty of taurine, as well as other nutrients that support your dog’s health.If you’re already feeding a raw meat-based diet, your dog’s food will be low in lectins. Remember that pasture-raised meats are best if you can get (and afford) them. Animals fed a lot of grains could contain some lectins.

You can safely feed some fruits and veggies. They contain valuable nutrients that benefit your dog’s health.

Avoid These Foods

  • Legumes
  • Grains
  • Nightshade veggies
  • A1 dairy

Feed These Foods

It’s best to try to avoid high-lectin foods in your dog’s diet. If you do give your dog some grains or legumes, or you feed a grain-free kibble … read how to limit the damage in the next section.

#5 How To Limit Lectin Damage

There are several ways to limit any damage lectins in dog foods may cause in your dog.

Pressure Cooking

Thoroughly pressure cook grains and legumes. Most lectins are deactivated by pressure cooking. Cooking this way also makes legumes and grains more easily digestible.

Peel And Seed

If you feed any nightshade vegetables (like tomatoes and peppers), peeling and de-seeding them removes most of the lectins.

Feed Lectin Blocking Foods

Certain foods can help block lectins. And lots of them are good for dogs.

Glucosamine-Rich Foods
For dogs, it’s great news that foods that contain glucosamine help block lectins. Because that gives them tons of choice! Glucosamine is naturally in lots of foods with cartilage. Here are some things you may already be giving your dog.

  • Pigs feet
  • Chicken, duck or turkey feet
  • Greenlipped mussels
  • Beef trachea
  • Beef knuckle bones
  • Pig tails or oxtails

Feed these raw … or you can make them into a lovely gelatinous bone broth.

(Video) Switching from a grain free dog food?

Shellfish Shells
Shellfish shells are rich in glucosamine. Dogs can eat things like shrimp shells and tails them raw or cooked. If you eat other shellfish with harder shells, like crab or lobster … save the shells and grind them up. You can add some of the ground shells to your dog’s food.

Cranberries (D-Mannose)
Cranberries are another wonderful lectin-blocking option. They contain D-Mannose which binds to lectins, especially from legumes. So give your dog some cranberries. They’re full of antioxidants and can even help prevent urinary tract infections.

Okra is a vegetable that’s rich in raw polysaccharide. It binds to lectins and stops them from harming your dog.

You can feed okra raw or cooked (sliced and roasted is a great crunchy option). Just don’t give your dog fried okra. You might love this dish yourself, but it’s way too fatty for your dog. And of course it’s made with flour, meaning more lectins!

This is a seaweed that’s a powerful way to block lectins. If you live on the Atlantic or Pacific coasts, you can find it at the beach and add it to your dog’s food. Otherwise, you can buy it in supplement form as described below.

And, speaking of supplements … there are a few that can help.

Supplements That Block Lectins

Here are a few supplements that can help protect your dog from lectin’s effects.

N-Acetyl Glucosamine (NAG)
NAG is a glucosamine supplement made from shellfish. It binds to lectins and helps stop them attaching to the gut lining. It also builds connective tissue like other forms of glucosamine. You can buy NAG supplements at health stores.

Give your dog 250 to 1000 mg daily, depending on his size.

As mentioned earlier, this is a seaweed that helps block lectins (12). But if you don’t live near a beach, you may not be able to find this seaweed in its fresh form. Luckily it’s available as a supplement at many health stores.

Bladderwrack also binds to heavy metals like mercury and helps remove them from the body. It’s rich in fiber and minerals too.

Dosing: If you’re giving the dried herb, you can feed sprinkle 25-250 mg per lb of your dog’s weight on his food. Or make a tea using 5-30g per cup of water. Give ¼ to ½ cup per 20 lbs weight. (Recommended dose from Veterinary Herbal Medicine by Susan G Wynn and Barbara J Fougere.)

Caution: Don’t use bladderwrack for pregnant or lactating females. Also, it contains natural iodine. So if your dog’s on any thyroid medication or supplements, ask your holistic vet about giving this herb.

Larch Arabinogalactan
Larch arabinogalactan is a prebiotic fiber that increases butyrate production in. your dog’s gut. Butyrate is a short chain fatty acid that’s anti-inflammatory and protect the gut lining. As a bonus, butyrate has also been shown to cause cancer cell death and slow cancer growth.

You can buy larch and give a medium sized dog about ½ tsp a day. Don’t give this every day of your dog’s life. It’s a good idea to give it for a couple of months, then give a 2 week break before restarting.

(Video) Roundup ... The Hidden Ingredient In Your Dog's Food

In summary …

Lectins can be harmful to your dog if you feed a lot of legumes or grains. You can manage the risks as explained. But it’s safer to feed your dog a fresh, whole food, meat-based diet and avoid the problem in the first place.

  1. Panacer K, Whorwell PJ.Dietary Lectin exclusion: The next big food trend?.World J Gastroenterol. 2019;25(24):2973-2976.
  2. Willy J.Peumans and EISJ.M. Van Damme.Lectins as PIant Defense Proteins.Laboratory for Phytopathology and Plant Protection, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.
  3. Ilka M Vasconcelos, José Tadeu A Oliveira,Antinutritionalproperties of plant lectins.Toxicon, Volume 44, Issue 4, 2004, Pages 385-403, ISSN 0041-0101
  4. Lei-lei Fu et al.Plant lectins: Targeting programmed cell death pathways as antitumor agents.The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology,Volume 43, Issue 10,2011.
  5. Kik MJ, Rojer JM, Mouwen JM, Koninkx JF, van Dijk JE, van der Hage MH. The interaction between plant lectins and the small intestinal epithelium: a primary cause of intestinal disturbance. Vet Q. 1989 Apr;11(2):108-15.
  6. Vojdani A, Afar D, Vojdani E.Reaction of Lectin-Specific Antibody with Human Tissue: Possible Contributions to Autoimmunity.J Immunol Res. 2020 Feb 11;2020:1438957.
  7. Vojdani A.Lectins, agglutinins, and their roles in autoimmune reactivities.Altern Ther Health Med.2015;21 Suppl 1:46-51. PMID: 25599185.
  8. Guinane CM, Cotter PD.Role of the gut microbiota in health and chronic gastrointestinal disease: understanding a hidden metabolic organ.Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2013;6(4):295-308.
  9. Freeman, L. M., Stern, J. A., Fries, R., Adin, D. B., & Rush, J. E. (2018). Diet-associated dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs: what do we know?Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 253(11), 1390-1394.
  10. Myers JP, Antoniou MN et al. Concerns over use of glyphosate-based herbicides and risks associated with exposures: a consensus statement. Environ Health. 2016 Feb 17;15:19.
  11. Van Bruggen AHC, He MM et al. Environmental and health effects of the herbicide glyphosate. Sci Total Environ. 2018 Mar;616-617:255-268.
  12. de Punder, Karin, and Leo Pruimboom.The Dietary Intake of Wheat and Other Cereal Grains and Their Role in Inflammation.Nutrients, vol. 5, no. 3, 12 Mar. 2013, pp. 771–778.,
  13. M.T. Criado, C.M. Ferreiros,Selective interaction of a Fucus vesiculosus lectin-like mucopolysaccharide with several Candida species.Annales de l’Institut Pasteur / Microbiologie,Volume 134, Issue 2, Supplement A,1983.


What does lectin do to dogs? ›

Lectins Damage Your Dog's Gut

These effects on the gut are the biggest problems with lectins. They can cause widespread havoc in your dog's body … with leaky gut syndrome. The cells in your dog's gut lining usually stick close together. These tight junctions stop toxins from getting into your dog's blood stream.

What are the five most toxic foods for dogs? ›

Toxic food for dogs
  1. Onions, garlic and chives. The onion family, whether dry, raw or cooked, is particularly toxic to dogs and can cause gastrointestinal irritation and red blood cell damage. ...
  2. Chocolate. ...
  3. Macadamia nuts. ...
  4. Corn on the cob. ...
  5. Avocado. ...
  6. Artificial sweetener (Xylitol) ...
  7. Alcohol. ...
  8. Cooked bones.

What does Gundry feed his dog? ›

Vital Boost from Gundry MD (currently out of stock)

Vital Boost is made with grass-fed beef and organ meat, and other raw, plant-based ingredients that support the balanced, complete nutrition your dog needs.

Can dogs have lectin? ›

Lectins are proteins that bind to sugar. In small amounts they're okay for your dog but too much can cause a lot of trouble. This includes reducing your dog's ability to absorb nutrients.

Do carrots have lectins? ›

Lectin is a carbohydrate-binding protein that can be found in varying amounts in most plants, including beans, pulses, grains, fruits and vegetables (eg, potatoes, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, zucchini, carrots, berries, watermelon), nuts, coffee, chocolate, and some herbs and spices (eg, peppermint, marjoram, nutmeg).

Does glucosamine block lectins? ›

Because of their precise carbohydrate specificities, lectins can be blocked by simple sugars and oligosaccharides. Wheat lectin, for example, is blocked by the sugar N-acetyl glucosamine and its polymers.

What are the top 10 worst foods for dogs? ›

The 10 Most Dangerous Foods for Dogs
  • Alcohol. Your dog may be drunk in love with you, but that's the only kind of intoxication he needs. ...
  • Onions and garlic. ...
  • Caffeine. ...
  • Grapes and raisins. ...
  • Macadamia nuts. ...
  • Xylitol. ...
  • Chocolate. ...
  • Fat Trimmings and bones.
28 Jul 2016

What are the top 10 toxic foods for dogs? ›

Top 10 Toxic Foods For Dogs
  • Milk & Other Dairy Products.
  • Human Vitamins Containing Iron:
  • Large Quantities Of Liver:
  • Mushrooms:
  • Macadamia Nuts:
  • Grapes and Raisins:
  • Onions & Garlic:
  • Chocolate & Anything With Caffeine.

What vegetables dogs Cannot eat? ›

12 fruits and vegetables that are toxic to dogs
  • Grapes and raisins. The first on our list has to be grapes and raisins. ...
  • Avocados. ...
  • Pips, seeds and stones. ...
  • Mushrooms. ...
  • Nuts. ...
  • Unripe tomatoes. ...
  • Onions and garlic. ...
  • Nutmeg.

What three foods did Gundry stop eating? ›

Gundry says to avoid? He recommends avoiding grains like wheat and corn found in bread and pasta, undercooked legumes and beans, and sweeteners or high-sugar foods, such as cookies.

What are the healthiest veggies for dogs? ›

Carrots, peas, green beans, sweet potatoes, and bananas are packed with important vitamins, along with potassium, which is good for a dog's muscles, nerves, and kidneys. Their fiber can also help dogs stay regular. Oranges are great source of vitamin C.

What are Gundry's foods to avoid? ›

Gundry also provides a comprehensive list of what foods to avoid altogether to maintain a healthy diet:
  • Refined starches.
  • Sugar and sweeteners.
  • Soy.
  • Beans and lentils.
  • Dairy (other than the dairy products listed above)
  • Seeds and legumes.
  • Grains.
14 Jun 2022

What grains are dogs most allergic to? ›

Myth: Dogs are typically allergic to corn, wheat, soy, and other plant-based ingredients. Truth: In a study of 278 cases of food allergies in dogs where the problem ingredient was clearly identified, beef was by far the biggest culprit (95 cases). Dairy was number two at 55 cases. Wheat came in third with 42 cases.

Is Sweet Potato good for dogs? ›

Why Sweet Potatoes Are Good for Dogs. Sweet potatoes provide an excellent source of dietary fiber, which helps the digestive system function more effectively. Eating fiber on a regular basis lowers the risk of heart disease and certain types of cancers.

Why are peas not good for dogs? ›

Peas contain purines, a naturally occurring chemical compound, also found in some food and drinks. Purines produce uric acid that's filtered through the kidneys. Too much uric acid can lead to kidney stones and other kidney conditions. Dogs don't need fruits and vegetables in their diet the way humans do.

Are blueberries high in lectins? ›

Blueberries get their health-promoting properties by way of flavonoids. Specifically, they're loaded with anthocyanins. Contrary to what some people have heard, blueberries do not contain lectins. There's a catch though: blueberries are highly seasonal, and are best consumed fresh and local.

Are apples high in lectins? ›

All plant and animal products contain some lectins. Yet, fruits and vegetables that contain relatively little lectin include: apples.

What fruits have no lectins? ›

For this reason, it can be great to know which fruits are generally regarded as fruits that are low in lectins. In one study, dates, lemons, pomegranate, apples, plums, sweet oranges, and tangerines were tested and found not to contain lectins.

How do you neutralize lectins? ›

Cooking, especially with wet high-heat methods like boiling or stewing, or soaking in water for several hours, can inactivate most lectins. [6] Lectins are water-soluble and typically found on the outer surface of a food, so exposure to water removes them.

What foods destroy lectins? ›

Studies show that boiling legumes, soybeans, and even kidney beans (which have extremely high lectin levels when raw), greatly reduces and often completely eliminates lectin activity.

What are the symptoms of too much lectin? ›

Symptoms associated with lectin and aquaporin food sensitivities include:
  • Bloating, gas, and abdominal cramps.
  • Painful and swollen joints.
  • Fatigue and tiredness.
  • Skin rashes.
  • Hormonal fluctuations.
  • Nausea.
  • Allergy like symptoms.
  • Neurological symptoms.
15 May 2019

Why can't dogs eat peas? ›

Peas contain purines, a naturally occurring chemical compound, also found in some food and drinks. Purines produce uric acid that's filtered through the kidneys. Too much uric acid can lead to kidney stones and other kidney conditions. Dogs don't need fruits and vegetables in their diet the way humans do.

Why are legumes not good for dogs? ›

Pet food containing peas, beans, lentils, and other legume seeds as the main ingredients, can cause dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs. Legumes are rich in protein and fiber. So, they can act as an indigestible grain. Dogs that have digestive problems should avoid legume seeds in their diet.

What grains are dogs most allergic to? ›

Myth: Dogs are typically allergic to corn, wheat, soy, and other plant-based ingredients. Truth: In a study of 278 cases of food allergies in dogs where the problem ingredient was clearly identified, beef was by far the biggest culprit (95 cases). Dairy was number two at 55 cases. Wheat came in third with 42 cases.

What causes dog DCM? ›

There are multiple possible causes of DCM. Taurine deficiency is well-documented as a potential cause of DCM, but it is not the only cause of DCM. Nutritional makeup of the main ingredients or how dogs process them, main ingredient sourcing, processing, amount used, or other factors could be involved.

What vegetables can dogs eat everyday? ›

Dog-Friendly Vegetables
  • Kale. Benefits: Kale's key vitamins like K, A and Iron provide bone health, proper vision and immune function, fetal development and energy metabolism. ...
  • Spinach. ...
  • Carrots. ...
  • Green Beans. ...
  • Broccoli. ...
  • Beets. ...
  • Celery. ...
  • Cucumber.

Is broccoli good for dogs? ›

Yes, dogs can eat broccoli. Dogs can eat the vegetable both cooked and raw, as long as there are no seasonings or oils added. However, this vegetable should always be given in very small quantities, especially because the florets contain isothiocyanates, which can cause gastric irritation in dogs.

Can dogs eat cucumber? ›

Cucumbers are perfectly safe for dogs to eat, and offer a low-calorie, crunchy snack that many dogs love. Cucumbers only contain about 8 calories per one-half cup of slices, compared to the 40 calories in a single medium biscuit, and are very low in sodium and fat.

Are sweet potatoes good for dogs? ›

Why Sweet Potatoes Are Good for Dogs. Sweet potatoes provide an excellent source of dietary fiber, which helps the digestive system function more effectively. Eating fiber on a regular basis lowers the risk of heart disease and certain types of cancers.

What is the best legume for dogs? ›

Which beans are safe for dogs to eat?
  • Pinto beans.
  • Black beans.
  • Kidney beans.
  • Soybeans.
  • Garbanzo beans.
  • Green beans.
  • Butter beans.
  • Lima beans.

Are chickpeas healthy for dogs? ›

Yes, dogs can eat chickpeas! Provided that you stick to the ingredient in its natural form, and avoid highly-processed alternatives, then chickpeas can be a great source of protein and fibre for your pooch.

What meat is best for dogs with allergies? ›

Hypoallergenic dog food options include venison and potato, duck and pea, salmon and potato or even kangaroo, as long as the dog hasn't been exposed to these ingredients in the past. Lamb used to be considered hypoallergenic but is now in so many commercial dog foods that it is no longer novel.

What is the least allergenic protein for dogs? ›

What are the 5 best dog foods for allergies? We'll dive into the top novel proteins and how addressing your dog's allergies can impact their overall health.
5 Best Dog Foods for Allergies (2022)
  • #1) Venison.
  • #2) Rabbit.
  • #3) Duck.
  • #4) Kangaroo.
  • #5) Bison.
30 Mar 2022

What grains should dogs avoid? ›

Avoid corn, wheat, and all gluten-containing grains. Never feed genetically modified (GMO) grains. Choose more nutritious pseudo-grains like buckwheat and quinoa. Avoid dog foods that rely on grains as a substitution for animal protein.

What should I feed my dog to avoid DCM? ›

If possible diet-associated DCM is diagnosed, we recommend changing the diet to one made by a well-established manufacturer that contains standard ingredients (e.g. chicken, beef, rice, corn, and wheat). All dogs in the household eating the same grain-free diet should have their diet changed.

What dog foods are not linked to DCM? ›

The 10 Best Dog Foods to Avoid DCM
  • The Farmer's Dog Chicken Recipe — Best Overall. ...
  • Evanger's Super Premium Dry Dog Food — Best Value. ...
  • Annamaet Original Option Dry Dog Food — Premium Choice. ...
  • Dr. ...
  • Farmina N&D Ancestral Grain Mini Breed Dry Dog Food — Vet's Choice. ...
  • Dr. ...
  • Nature's Logic Dry Dog Food. ...
  • FirstMate Dry Dog Food.
8 Aug 2022

Do sweet potatoes cause DCM in dogs? ›

Far fewer dogs diagnosed with DCM were eating foods containing potatoes or sweet potatoes. This means that sweet potatoes, as a treat, will not harm your dog or cause DCM.


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