Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (2023)

One of the most important historic regions of Germany, Bavaria is home to dozens of spectacular medieval fortresses, sumptuous palaces, and eclectic castles. Steeped in history and legend and set in areas of gorgeous natural beauty, these places have inspired imaginations all over the world.

Many sit perched high above historic little towns as they have for centuries, others are nestled deep in remote forests. All, however, brim with magical charm and have their intriguing history.

This is a list of the best Bavarian castles to visit if you want to experience these enchanting lands.

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (1)

Table of Contents show

Map of Castles in Bavaria

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (2)

32 Bavarian Castles to Visit

1. Burghausen Castle

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With a length of more than one million meters, Burhghausen Castle is the largest castle in the world and one of the most impressive sights in Bavaria.

Besides its outstanding dimension, this castle has existed through centuries of tumultuous history, to which the original medieval fortifications are a testament.

Drawbridges, moats, and portcullises have remained almost completely in their original form while the interior is an exquisite example of Art Nouveau.

Interestingly, a castle has existed on the same location ever since the Bronze Age.

Where:Burghausen, Upper Bavaria
When:13th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

2. Hohenschwangau Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (4)

Located near the famous Neuschwanstein Castle, Hohenschwangau was once as glamorous as the latter.

Although in ruins for a long while, the castle was restored by King Maximilian II of Bavaria and transformed into a summer residence.

This romantic Gothic castle is nestled in a beautiful green valley with amazing views over the Alps. The interior includes charming royal bedrooms, ballrooms, and salons.

The walls of the castle are adorned with paintings representing Germanic folktales and historic legends.

Where:town of Füssen, Southern Bavaria
When:19th-century
Style:Gothic
Open for visit:Yes,check here for more information.

Check out:The best Castles near Munich.

3. Johannisburg Castle

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Located by the River Main, Johannisburg Castle was built on the place of an earlier medieval castle at the beginning of the 17th-century to serve as a residence for the Archbishop-Elector Johann Schweikard von Kronberg.

The castle is a stunning example of palace architecture pertaining to the German Renaissance style. In the 18th-century, the interior was redecorated in the Neoclassical style.

Johannisburg Castle suffered extensive damage during the Second World War, but thankfully art collections and furnishings were preserved and the castle was opened to visitors in the latter half of the 20th-century.

Where:town of Aschaffenburg, Franconia
When:17th-century
Style:German Renaissance/ Neoclassical
Open for visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

4. Neuschwanstein Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (6)

The 19th-century Neuschwanstein Castle is arguably the quintessential Bavarian castle. Nestled in the Alps with views over the Hohenschwangau Valley, this idyllic castle was built for King Ludwig II as a luxurious refuge in the mountains.

The castle seems taken straight out of a fairy tale and it is, in fact, the place that inspired the iconic Disney castle from Sleeping Beauty and the actual castle from Disneyland.

With its turrets, dark dungeons, and sweeping location, Neuschwanstein Castle is an outstanding example of a Romantic castle.

Where:town of Fussen, Southern Bavaria
When:19th-century
Style:Romanesque
Open for visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

You might also like to read:The best castles to visit in Germany.

5. Nuremberg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (7)

Although not exactly opulent, Nuremberg Castle is a historic castle which has been standing over the Bavarian city of Nuremberg ever since the 12th-century.

A significant monument of the Middle Ages, this castle was also a residence for the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and features a unique Romanesque chapel and beautiful halls and courtyards. Inside the castle, there is also a museum of medieval weapons and military artefacts.

A great symbol of the city, Nuremberg Castle also offers sweeping views of the area.

Where:Nuremberg
When:12th-century
Style:Medieval
Open for visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

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6. Wurzburg Residenz

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Wurzburg Castle is the former residence of the prince-bishops of Wurzburg. Now considered one of the most stunning Baroque palaces in Europe, it took sixty years to be built, from 1720 to 1780.

The castle features a world-famous staircase with a ceiling painted by Venetian artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Representing the four continents, this is one of the largest frescoes in the history of painting.

The Garden Hall, White Hall, and Imperial Hall are also adorned with magnificent frescos.

Unfortunately, a devastating fire destroyed parts of the castle in 1945, but a long process of restoration brought it back to its former glory.

Where:Wurzburg
When:18th-century
Style:Baroque
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

7. Blutenburg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (9)

Right outside of Munich, Blutenburg Castle is situated in an area of lush vegetation. This beautiful castle was built by Duke Albert III in the 15th-century to replace an older castle.

Used primarily as a luxurious hunting lodge, the castle offers stunning views of the Wurm River and the surrounding area. Although the interior cannot be visited, the castle is worth a visit for the charming rural beauty of the region.

Where:Seldwed 15, west of Munich
When:15th-century
Style:Medieval
Open for visit: Yes, only the chapel.Check here for more information.

8. Brennhausen

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (10)

Located in the Haßberge Nature Park, Brennhausen Castle dates back to the 12th-century, as suggested by an official document from 1182.

The castle belonged initially to a family of noblemen but changed hands frequently throughout the centuries. Sometimes it was sold, other times conquered by siege.

Due to the strategic location of the castle, many influential Bavarian political and military figures resided in it over the years. An old tradition says that Brennhausen was originally a monastery.

Where: Sulzdorf, the district of Rhön-Grabfeld
When:12th-century
Style:Early Medieval
Open to visit:No.

9. Callenberg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (11)

Located northeast of Coburg, Callenberg Castle was one of the main residences of the Dukes of Coburg and has been in the possession of the Saxe-Coburg family for many centuries.

The long history of the castle is reflected in the diversity of architectural and stylistic details visible today, which can be traced back to various eras and generations of dukes.

Some of the highlights of the castle are the “Royal Roses” which bloom in the summer and the collection of ducal art treasures, including valuable pieces of furniture, porcelain, paintings, and weaponry.

Where:Coburg
When:12th-century
Style:Early Medieval
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

10. Eisenberg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (12)

Located on a hilltop north of Pfronten, Eisenberg is a medieval castle that is now in ruins. Built in 1313 by the noble family of Hohenegg, the castle was meant to become the new seat of the lordship of Eisenberg.

To that end, the castle was built with grandness in mind, starting from its location on top of a high mountain.

The castle was fortified with a high curtain wall to resist attacks, but in 1646, the owners burned it down during the Thirty Years’War to avoid letting it be captured by the enemy.

Where:Eisenberg, north of Pfronten
When:14th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:No restrictions.
Tickets: –

11. Giechburg

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (13)

Giechburg Castle is a hilltop castle that entered written history as early as 1125, although archaeological evidence suggests a fortified structure existed in the same spot ever since Neolithic times.

Over the centuries, the castle changed owners frequently but at the end of the 14th-century, it was purchased by the prince-bishops of Bamberg who expanded it further and gave it its final form as a fortified medieval castle and later hunting lodge.

The castle was neglected in the 19th-century and became a ruin. After being reconstructed by the district of Bamberg in the last couple of decades, Giechburg Castle functions now as a conference and hospitality centre.

Where:city district of Scheßlitz, Upper Franconia
When:12th-century
Style:Medieval fortress
Open to visit:No, restrictions.

12. Lauf Castle

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Located near Nuremberg in an area that was once part of the Bohemian crown lands, Lauf Castle was built by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV in the 14th-century on the ruins of an older castle.

Shortly after construction, the Emperor ceded the castle to Otto V, Duke of Bavaria, during an exchange of lands. Today, the most impressive part of the castle is the hall of arms discovered in 1934 when a layer of old paint was removed.

The 112 coats of arms found in the castle form a unique collection of heraldry belonging to the noblemen of the Crown of Bohemia.

Where:town of Lauf an der Pegnitz, near Nuremberg
When:14th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:No.
Tickets: –

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13. Marienberg Fortress

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Built in the 12th-century near the historic city of Wurzburg, Marienberg Fortress has witnessed centuries of turbulent history and was often under siege.

A swift attack left it severely damaged in the 17th-century. Other significant damage followed during World War II when large parts of the fortress were destroyed by bombs.

The fortress was restored in the second half of the 20th-century. One of the most unique attractions of the place is St Mary’s Church, a beautiful construction from AD 706.

Where:Wurzburg
When:12th-century
Style:Early Medieval Fortress
Open for visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

14. Mespelbrunn Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (16)

Among the grandiose Bavarian castles, Melspelbrunn Castle is a unique sight. This is a small, incredibly romantic moated castle built near the end of the Middle Ages.

At the end of the 16th-century, it was transformed from a typical medieval fortified structure into a manor house. Located in a deep valley and surrounded by forests and lush greenery, this remote castle belongs to the Counts of Ingelheim family, who live in one of the wings.

With its red sandstone walls and stained glass windows, Melspelbrunn Castle is one of the most original attractions in the region.

Where:Spessart Forest, Mespelbrunn
When:15th– to 16th– centuries
Style:Late Medieval, Early Renaissance
Open for visit:Yes. For more informationcheck here.

15. Plassenburg

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (17)

Situated high above the historic city of Kulmbach, Plassenburg is one of the best Bavarian castles to visit. Firstly mentioned in the 12th-century, the castle was destroyed during war times in 16th-century and then reconstructed.

The major attraction at Plassenburg is the impressive collection housed inside the castle: over 300,000 tin soldiers and figurines are set up to recreate battle scenes from various historic eras.

The castle also features a gorgeous arcaded courtyard of German Renaissance style.

Where:Kulmbach
When:12th-century/16th-century
Style:Medieval, German Renaissance
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

16. Pottenstein Castle

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Standing majestically on a rock above the town of Pottenstein, Pottenstein Castle is one of the oldest castles in the region. Located within a forest nature park, this medieval castle belonged originally to the Count of Pottenstein who lived in the 11th-century.

Both the castle and the town of Pottenstein took part in many warlike events throughout the centuries and as a consequence, the castle slowly fell into ruins.

At the beginning of the 20th-century, it was purchased by the Baron of Wintzingerode, who dedicated himself to the renovation of the castle and the construction of a museum. The castle is now a privately-run museum and residence.

Where:Pottenstein, Upper Franconia
When:11th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:Yes, click here for more information.

17. Rothenberg Fortress

Rothenberg Fortress was built on the site of an older medieval castle mentioned for the first time in a document in 1254.

Although the exact time of the construction is unknown, other documents attest that the fortress belonged to the administrators of Nuremberg, then to Emperor Karl IV, King of Bohemia, and was eventually conquered by Bavarian troops during the Thirty Years’ War.

Despite heavy fortifications, the fortress was destroyed in battle. Although rebuilt, it never regained its military importance and was abandoned. The ruins are now a protected site.

Where:Schnaittach, Franconian Jura
When:13th-century
Style:Medieval Fortress
Open to visit:Yes, Wednesday to Sunday from 10.00 am from April to October. Closed during the winter season.
Tickets:Adults – 5 euros; Reduced – 3 euros; Children under 4 – free

18. Schloss Egg

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Built in the 11th-century, Schloss Egg is a well-preserved medieval castle featuring the highest castle tower in Bavaria. The castle includes a former moat, a small chapel, a torture chamber, secret passages, bridges, gates, dungeons, and circular walls.

Although initially a fortress, the castle was transformed at the end of the Middle Ages in a comfortable and lavish residence. In the 19th-century, the interiors were splendidly redecorated.

The gardens and the inner courtyards were also redesigned. The new Gothic elements blended with the earlier features into a unique design.

Where:Bernried
When:11th-century/ 19th-century
Style:Medieval/ Neo-Gothic
Open to visit:Yes. Check here for more information.

19. Linderhof Palace

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Built at the request of eccentric King Ludwig II whose imagination stood behind the construction of the magnificent Neuschwanstein and Herrenchiemsee castles, Linderhof is undoubtedly one of the top sights in Bavaria.

Built in the style of the 19th-century French castles, this spectacular Baroque building is also known as the Little Versailles. The interiors feature lavish furniture and decorations.

Outside, beautiful fountains, lawns, and symmetric flower arrangements form a charming landscape.

Where:Graswang Valley, village of Ettal
When:19th-century
Style:Baroque
Open for visit:Yes,check here for more information.

20. Herrenchiemsee New Palace

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With its architectural splendour and unique location, Herrenchiemsee Castle is one of the best castles in Bavaria to visit. Lying on the island of Herreninsel on Chiemsee Lake, this remote castle is only accessible by boat.

The history of the castle begins in 1873 when King Ludwig II acquired the island and decided to build a palace on the model of Versailles, the royal residence of the French King Louis XIV.

The castle features a Great Hall of Mirrors, just like Versailles. On the island, visitors can also check out a historical Augustinian Monastery, which includes a museum and two art galleries. Boat tours across the lake are also available.

Where:Herrenchiemsee, Lake Chiemsee
When:19th-century
Style:Baroque
Open for visit:Yes,check here for more information.

21. Nymphenburg Palace

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Nymphenburg Palace is a stunning Baroque building whose construction began in 1664 and ended a century and a half later. Located in Munich, Bavaria’s largest city, this sprawling palace was built to serve as a summer residence for the Bavarian electors.

Since the castle was built gradually in time and redesigned several times, it ended up incorporating several architectural styles. The façade is original, and also the furnishings and furniture in the grandiose rooms.

Top features of the castle include the beautiful gardens split by a canal and the porcelain museum on the grounds.

Where:Munich
When:17th– to 19th– centuries
Style:Baroque, Neoclassical, Rococo
Open for visit:Yes.Check here for more information.

22. Schleissheim Palace

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Located just north of Munich, Schleissheim Palace is actually a complex of three different buildings. The Old Palace is a 14th-century Renaissance country house, near which the Lustheim Palace, an Italian-style garden villa, was added in the 15th-century.

This second construction was followed by a third in the 16th-century, which is the New Palace, a charming Baroque chateau. The three palaces are united by open gardens and surrounded by an intricate canal network.

The interiors include beautiful artworks, porcelains, period furniture in their collections. A beer garden also functions on the grounds.

Where:Oberschleißheim, north of Munich
When:14th-, 15th- & 16th- centuries
Style:Renaissance, Italian, Baroque
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

23. Lauenstein Castle

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The history of the Lauenstein Castle begins in the 12th-century. For the following two centuries, the castle served as the seat of the Orlamunde, a powerful noble family of counts.

With the decline of the family, the castle lost its importance and changed owners several times. In the 16th-century, the Lords of Thyna built a new wing inspired by the Renaissance palace architecture popular at the time.

After a period of neglect, a new owner ran a restoration project and added new Historicist architectural elements. The castle is now fully restored and houses a museum of medieval armour, weaponry, paintings, and furniture.

Where:Ludwigsstadt
When:12th-century
Style:Renaissance/Late Historicist
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

24. Prunn Castle

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Prunn Castle was built in the early 13th-century, and it’s a beautiful example of the Gothic style. If the architecture of the place is charming, the location is even more entrancing.

The castle is located on an outcrop, overlooking the Altmuhl River Valley, with the river just below. Besides the spectacular views from within the walls, the castle is worth a visit for its original medieval décor.

A large Gothic style hall has remained intact since the 13th-century. The collections of the museum also include the Prunner Codex, the historic manuscript of a popular German folk tale.

Where:town of Riedenburg, Kelheim
When:13th-century
Style:Gothic
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

25. Coburg Fortress

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (26)

Documents suggest that Coburg Fortress was built in the 11th-century and had an important strategic value.

In the 14th-century, it entered the possession of the powerful House of Wettin and was gradually enlarged over the next century, eventually becoming one of the largest castles in Bavaria.

In the 18th-century, the castle was renovated according to the Neo-Gothic style. Today, it is home to one of the most important collections of art pieces and historical artefacts in Germany.

This includes many treasures from hunting weapons to paintings by German masters.

Where:Coburg
When:11th-century/18th-century
Style:Medieval/Neo-Gothic
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

26. Ansbach Residence

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (27)

Ansbach Palace is one of the top castles in Bavaria to visit as it has remained intact since the 18th-century.

Expanded from an earlier medieval complex, the castle features an impressive ceiling painting in the Festival Hall and a beautiful Mirror Cabinet.

The Gothic Hall is the main remaining part of the medieval building and is home to a ceramic collection. On the grounds of the castle, visitors can stroll through a charming orangery and a herb garden.

Where:Ansbach, Middle Franconia
When:14th– century to 18th-century
Style:Renaissance
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

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27. Seehof Palace

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (28)

The construction on the Seehof Palace began in 1686, and the castle was built as a summer residence for the Bamberg Prince-Bishops.

After the secularization of the country, the castle passed into private ownership but was heavily neglected and fell into ruins.

Extensive renovation work rehabilitated the castle at the end of the 20th-century. The Prince-Bishops’s apartments are open to the public.

Where:Memmelsdorf, Bamberg, Upper Franconia
When:17th-century
Style:Baroque
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

28. Cadolzburg Castle

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A historic document mentions Cadolzburg Castle as early as 1157. This makes the castle one of the oldest in Bavaria.

The castle was inhabited from mid-13th-century onwards by members of the Hohenzollern dynasty of kings, emperors, and electors, which put the castle at the forefront of many historic events.

Full of fascinating history, Cadolzburg offers an immersive experience into a forgotten era.

Where:Cadolzburg, Furth, Middle Franconia
When:12th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

29. Willibaldsburg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (30)

Willibadlsburg Castle is a large castle complex whose construction began in the 14th-century. It was largely expanded and fortified in the 16th-century to become a lavish residence for the Prince-Bishop.

The castle served as the main residence and seat of Eichstatt’s prince-bishops up until the middle of the 18th-century. A world-class botanical garden existed on the grounds for a long time.

In 1998, this original botanical garden was reproduced by a newly opened Bastion Garden.

Where:Eichstatt, Upper Bavaria
When:14th-century
Style:Medieval
Open to visit:Yes, click here for more information.

30. Trausnitz Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (31)

Trausnitz Castle is a 13th-century construction located in the charming Bavarian town of Landshut. The castle served as the seat of the Bavarian monarchy for many centuries, having an important political and military role.

Due to its importance, it was repeatedly redesigned and redecorated to reflect the trends of the era. Major upgrades date back to the 19th-century when the castle was turned into an opulent residence.

Top features of the castle are the Knights Hall, the White Hall, and the Tower Terrace which offers stunning views over the town below.

Where:town of Landshut, northeast of Munich
When:13th-century
Style:Medieval/German Renaissance
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

31. Neuburg Palace

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (32)

Neuburg Palace is a Renaissance palace built in the 16th-century to serve as the seat of the principality of Pfalz-Neuburg. It was expanded in the next century with two round towers that add an imposing look to the original baroque look.

The castle features a decorated courtyard, several Baroque grottoes, and a beautiful Renaissance Knights’ Hall. A chapel with medieval frescoes is part of the complex.

Due to its importance in the history of the principality, the castle is home to a large collection of paintings, tapestries, weapons, furniture, portraits, and textiles that reflect the rich culture of the place.

Where:Neuburg/Donau
When:16th-century
Style:Medieval/Baroque/Renaissance
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

32. Rosenburg Castle

Best castles in Bavaria - Historic European Castles (33)

Built in the middle of the 12th-century, Rosenburg Castle entered the possession of the Dukes of Bavaria a few decades after construction. Since then, it has remained in the ownership of the House of Wittelsbach.

Although twice destroyed and rebuilt, the castle has remained largely Romanesque in style. Its present appearance dates from 1525 and showcases elements of South German Renaissance.

The Museum of Hunting and Falconry gives regular demonstrations at the castle.

Where:Riedenburg, Kelheim
When:12th-century
Style:Renaissance/Romanesque
Open to visit:Yes, check here for more information.

Bavaria has always been at the forefront of European history, which explains the impressive number of castles, palaces, and medieval fortresses that dot the region.

However, its beautiful nature and lush landscapes that make these architectural treasures stand out as places of incredible Romantic charm. If you visit Bavarian castles, you get immersed in a world made of legend and aristocratic splendour.

You might also be interested in:The beautiful Burg Eltz in Germany.

Where To Stay In Bavaria

There are many beautiful hotels in Bavaria where you can base yourself and book arental carso you can explore these incredible castles at your own pace.

Hotel zum Erdinger Weissbräu: Located in the heart of the Bavarian town of Erding this historic hotel dates back to 1537 and retains its classic Gothic style. The banquet hall retains it’s characteristic chandeliers and wooden panelling, and the on site brewery keeps the traditional German beer cellar well stocked. Book your stay here.

Floating Village Brombachsee: Looking for something a little different? This 4-star holiday resort is a collection of 2 bedroom boats with living rooms and spectacular views from your deck and roof terrace equipped with lounge furniture. Breakfast is brought to you by boat each morning, or you can enjoy your own using your kitchen. Each bungalow has its own parking space, you then take a river boat to your bungalow. Ellingen Castle is close by. Book your stay here.

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Burghotel: This 12th century hotel in the Tauber Valley is on the edge of the Medieval town of Rothenburg and has a spa and rose garden for guests to enjoy. There is also an onsite Dominican monastery to visit. Each room is individually designed with views of the valley from most. Meals are served on the terrace or the bright dining room with uninterrupted views of the surrounding countryside. Book your stay here.

For more hotels in Bavaria search here

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FAQs

What is the oldest castle in Bavaria? ›

Meersburg Castle (German: Burg Meersburg), also known as the Alte Burg (English: Old Castle), in Meersburg on Lake Constance in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited castles in Germany.

What is the best preserved castle in Europe? ›

Egeskov Castle, Denmark

Constructed in 1554, Egeskov Castle is known as the best-preserved moat castle in all of Europe. The Gothic-style castle complex comprises 280-year-old hedge mazes, and two buildings with 200 windows and 66 rooms (sadly, only six bathrooms).

Which European country has the best castles? ›

The true epicenter is Wales, which features more castles per square mile than any other country in Europe. From the northern mountains of Snowdonia to Swansea Bay in the south, castles that could have dropped out of Camelot shoot up everywhere. Why the density?

What is the oldest castle in the world still standing? ›

Windsor Castle was the official residence of the late Queen Elizabeth II. It is the world's oldest continuously occupied castle.

What is the name of the most famous German castle? ›

Neuschwanstein Castle, which literally translates to New Swan Stone castle, is located in Bavaria, Germany. It was originally called New Hohenschwangau Castle, as it was meant to be a grand recreation of Hohenschwangau Castle, where Ludwig II spent his childhood.

What is the most visited castle in Europe? ›

On this list of the five most visited castles in Europe, the first is Alcazar de Segovia. Located in Segovia, Spain, the Alcazar of Segovia is one of the famous medieval castles in Spain. The castle's architecture appears to have come straight out of some dreamland with its enchanting towers and picturesque turrets.

Which country has some of the most beautiful castles in the world? ›

Château de Chambord, France. There are a large number of intriguingly beautiful castles in France, and Chateau de Chambord is at the top of the list. Known for its distinct Renaissance design, this castle is located in the Loire Valley in Central France.

Where is the castle Capital of the world? ›

Wales is sometimes called the "castle capital of the world" because of the large number of castles in a relatively small area. Wales had about 600 castles, of which over 100 are still standing, either as ruins or as restored buildings.

What is the prettiest village in Germany? ›

Top 7 most picturesque towns and villages in Germany
  • Rothenburg ob der Tauber. ...
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Jun 12, 2022

What is the name of the most beautiful medieval city in Germany? ›

Historic, enchanting and unchanged throughout the centuries, Rothenburg just might be the most beautiful medieval town in Germany. We were so charmed during our one day in Rothenburg ob der Tauber that we wish we had stayed longer.

Are there any castles in the United States? ›

These beautiful castles are found all over the country — from a 165-room castle overlooking California's Pacific Coast to a castle estate on an island in upstate New York.

What was the greatest castle ever built? ›

The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork (Polish: Zamek w Malborku; German: Ordensburg Marienburg) is a 13th-century Teutonic castle and fortress located near the town of Malbork, Poland. It is the largest castle in the world measured by land area and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Are there any abandoned castles in the United States? ›

Hearthstone Castle

It was called Hearthstone Castle due to the many stone fireplaces it contains. Although Sanford built the castle to use as a summer home, he and his family only lived there 5 years. It has been abandoned since 1985, and has fallen into such disrepair that it has been condemned by the city of Danbury.

Which is the biggest and mightiest castle on the Rhine? ›

Rheinfels Castle sits like a dead pit bull above St. Goar. Once the biggest and mightiest castle on the Rhine, Rheinfels rumbles with ghosts from its hard-fought past. While it withstood a siege of 28,000 French troops in 1692, the French finally destroyed it a century later.

What is the best preserved castle in the world? ›

Windsor Castle, England

Undoubtedly one of the better known European castles of the medieval era, Windsor Castle was built in 11th century and hold the record for the longest occupied castle in Europe. The interior is designed in 19th century Georgian style, and the well-preserved castle complex is utterly massive.

Do people still live in castles in Germany? ›

About Sigmaringen Castle: City high on a rocky cliff in the center of Sigmaringen, Germany, this beautiful castle has been owned by the royal family of Prussia since the Middle Ages and they still live here!

What is the most visited castle? ›

1: The Forbidden City (Palace Museum), Beijing. Each day, tens of thousands of visitors pour through the Forbidden City to see the 178-acre walled compound that once shielded the Imperial Palace from public view—while housing Chinese emperors and their extensive entourages.

Which castle is considered the most iconic of all English fortresses? ›

Image by Stevebidmead from Pixabay. Described as the 'Key to England' throughout history due to its function as a defen ce point off the Southern coast, Dover Castle is considered one of the most famous British castles, and the largest in England.

Which castle is Queen Elizabeth's favorite? ›

Every summer until she passed away, the Queen spent a weeks-long holiday at Balmoral Castle, a stunning Scottish estate which was said to be her favorite residence.

What is the best preserve and most wholly admirable castle in the world? ›

Krak de Chevaliers, Syria

E Lawrence once described it as “perhaps the best preserved and most wholly admirable castle in the world” and today it still has remnants of medieval frescoes within.

What is the most defensible castle in the world? ›

1. Murud-Janjira – Murud, Maharashtra, India. The Murud-Janjira is a massive island fortress located off the coast of India. The fort is completely surrounded by 40' high walls and 19 rounded bastions.

What country has the best castle tours? ›

Germany has the most castles, with at least 20,000 castles, including the beautiful Neuschwanstein Castle and Heidelberg Palace. Most castles in Germany are over 100 years old.

What European city has the most castles? ›

With almost a thousand castles and another 1100 stately homes, Czechia tops the list of places to visit for those in search of aristocratic residences. In fact, one castle in Prague is considered the largest ancient building in the world.

Which country has the best medieval castles? ›

The 10 Most Epic Medieval Castles in Europe
  • Windsor Castle, England. ...
  • Hunyad Castle, Romania. ...
  • Schloss Wartburg, Germany. ...
  • Chateau Comtal, France. ...
  • Alhambra, Spain. ...
  • Castel del Monte, Italy. ...
  • Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. ...
  • Bojnice Castle, Slovakia.

Which is the most beautiful village in Europe? ›

Although the options are plentiful, here is TPG's pick of some of Europe's best villages.
  1. Arcos de la Frontera, Spain. Arcos de la Frontera, Andalusia, Spain. ( ...
  2. Alberobello, Italy. Alberobello, Italy. ( ...
  3. Cavtat, Croatia. ...
  4. Grindelwald, Switzerland. ...
  5. Riquewhir, Alsace, France. ...
  6. Knaresborough, U.K. ...
  7. Dinant, Belgium. ...
  8. Kinsale, Ireland.
Jun 7, 2020

What is the most beautiful street in Europe? ›

Brunngasse, the most beautiful street in Europe

The Brunngasse was voted Europe's most beautiful street and for good reason. The stunning street is located in Brienz, the woodcarving village on the shores of lake Brienz.

Where are the best old castles? ›

Here is our pick of the 25 most beautiful medieval castles in the world.
  • Eltz Castle, Germany. Source: leoks / shutterstock Eltz Castle, Germany. ...
  • Eilean Donan, Scotland. ...
  • Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. ...
  • Bran Castle, Romania. ...
  • Mont-Saint-Michel, France. ...
  • Castel del Monte, Italy. ...
  • Vianden Castle, Luxembourg. ...
  • Malbork Castle, Poland.

Which country has the oldest castle in the world? ›

Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world and has been the family home of British kings and queens for almost 1,000 years.

What are the 4 main castles? ›

Use the links below to read through the information on each of the four different types of Medieval castles; Motte and Bailey, Concentric, Shell Keep and Square Keep.

What country has the most intact castles? ›

While Germany may have the most amount of castles, Wales is the country with the most castles per square mile. Despite its small size, Wales had over 600 castles. Today over 400 castles still stand and are waiting to be explored by visitors.

Who owns the castle in Bavaria Germany? ›

Bavarian Palace Department

Which country is known as land of castle? ›

Britain: The Land of Castles.

What country has the most castles per square mile? ›

This is a little known fact; Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country in Europe. Wales's history has left a landscape scattered with Iron Age hill forts, Roman ruins and castles from Medieval Welsh princes and English kings.

What is the happiest city in Germany? ›

The happiest regions in Germany

Schleswig-Holstein has occupied the top spot every year since 2013. These two super-happy federal states are followed by Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria.

What is the number one attraction in Germany? ›

The TOP 100 sights and attractions in Germany
  • 1 Miniatur Wunderland Hamburg. ...
  • 2 Europa-Park, Rust. ...
  • 3 Rothenburg ob der Tauber. ...
  • 4 Neuschwanstein Castle, Hohenschwangau. ...
  • 5 Phantasialand, Brühl. ...
  • 6 Berlin. ...
  • 7 Black Forest National Park. ...
  • 8 Medieval Crime Museum, Rothenburg ob der Tauber.

What is oldest city in Bavaria? ›

Bavaria's third-largest city is also the oldest - and has only fallen behind Munich in terms of importance since Napoleonic times.

What is the oldest town in Germany? ›

Founded in 16 BC during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus, Trier is Germany's oldest city and an important site for ancient art treasures and monuments, such as the Porta Nigra, the best-preserved city gate from the ancient world.

Does the Bavarian royal family still exist? ›

King of Bavaria was a title held by the hereditary Wittelsbach rulers of Bavaria in the state known as the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1805 until 1918, when the kingdom was abolished.

Why is Bavaria different from the rest of Germany? ›

Bavaria is the largest state in Germany and the only one that shares the Alps. It is made up of four major vacation regions: There is Upper Bavaria with Munich, the highest Alpine peaks and picturesque lakes. Allgäu/Bavarian Swabia with its fairy-tale castle, unique mountain panoramas and a huge meteorite crater.

Why is Bavaria different from Germany? ›

One of the main historical differences giving Bavaria its distinct identity was that while many German territories that joined the German Empire in 1871 were Protestant, Bavaria was one of the few major German powers to remain Catholic. Incidentally, Pope Benedict XVI was born in Bavaria.

What is the oldest castle in Switzerland? ›

Spiez Castle was built in 933 AD and is one of the oldest castles in Switzerland.

Which princess lived in Bavaria? ›

Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria (Prinzessin Maria Elisabeth Franziska Josepha Therese von Bayern; 9 September 1914 – 13 May 2011) was a Bavarian Princess, eldest daughter of Prince Franz of Bavaria, third son of King Ludwig III of Bavaria.

Are Bavarians Dutch? ›

Bavarian is spoken by approximately 12 million people in an area of around 125,000 square kilometres (48,000 sq mi), making it the largest of all German dialects.
...
Bavarian language.
Bavarian
RegionAustria, Bavaria, and South Tyrol
EthnicityAustrians Bavarians South Tyroleans
Native speakers14,000,000 (2016)
10 more rows

Who is the current heir to the German throne? ›

Georg Friedrich Prinz von Preussen
Tenure26 September 1994 – present
PredecessorLouis Ferdinand
Heir apparentCarl Friedrich
Born10 June 1976 Bremen, West Germany
9 more rows

Videos

1. Eltz Castle in Germany: Would you like to live here?
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2. King Ludwig's Castles
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3. Castles of Germany and Austria — Rick Steves' Europe Travel Guide
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4. 15 MOST Stunning Castles in the World
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5. Neuschwanstein, a history of Europe's most famous castle.
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6. Top 10 Places To Visit In Bavaria - 4K Travel Guide
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