Cavity Wall Insulation Guide: Costs, savings and benefits | OVO Energy (2023)

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27 August 2020 | OVO Energy

Cavity Wall Insulation Guide: Costs, savings and benefits | OVO Energy (1)

The figures included in this article were correct at the time of publication, August 2020, but may now be incorrect due to changes in the cost of energy.

If your home was built after the 1920s, chances are it’s got cavity walls. And unless it was built within the last 20 years, those cavities are probably empty. If so, filling them with wall insulation could be a very cost-effective way to retain heat in your home and save on your energy bills.

Around one third of the heat loss from most homes is through the walls, so cavity insulation could save you up to £160 a year in heating bills1. In fact, according to figures from the Energy Saving Trust website, cavity wall insulation could pay for itself within less than 5 years.

Type of propertyDetachedSemi detachedMid terraceBungalowFlat
Energy bill savings (£ pa)£275£160£105£110£90
Average payback period32 months36 months43 months47 months45 months
Average installation cost£720£475£370£430£330
CO2 savings per year1,100 kg650 kg430 kg450 kg360 kg
(Video) External Wall Insulation ~ The Ugly Truth?

These are estimated figures for England, Scotland and Wales, based on insulating a gas-heated home. The actual payback time will depend on the date when the insulation is installed, as the amount saved each month will vary between winter and summer. The average installation cost shown here is unsubsidised.

What is a cavity wall?

A cavity wall is made of two separate thin walls (usually built of brick, and known as ‘skins’ or ‘leaves’) with a gap (or cavity) between them. They’re usually held together by metal wall ties.

How to tell if your wallshavecavities

As we mentioned above, the age of your home is the first clue. However, if you’re not sure how old it is, or you reckon it was built around 1930 so could be either a cavity or a solid wall, have a look at any exposed brickwork. If your home has cavity walls, the bricks will all look the same size, like this:

Cavity Wall Insulation Guide: Costs, savings and benefits | OVO Energy (2)

… but if the walls are solid, every other brick will probably have been placed end-on, like this:

Cavity Wall Insulation Guide: Costs, savings and benefits | OVO Energy (3)

If all the brickwork in your home has been rendered or cladded so you can’t see any actual bricks, you may be able to tell from the thickness of the outer walls.

You can also check the windows and doorways. If a brick wall is more than 10 inches thick, it’s probably a cavity wall – though solid stone walls can also be very thick.

How to check if yourhouse already has cavity wall insulation

If your home was built in the last 20 years, the walls were probably insulated when it was built. If not, or if you want to make sure, you can:

  • Ask a registered installer to drill a small hole in the wall and let you know whether the wall is empty or insulated. This is called a borescope inspection.
  • Check with the building control department of your local authority. They should have records if your walls have already been insulated.

There are also a couple of clues to look out for that could save you the trouble of a borescope inspection:

  • Installers will have drilled 1-inch holes at regular intervals when inserting the wall cavity insulation. Although they’ll have filled these in, you should still be able to see faint marks – but don’t confuse them with the marks left by an injected damp proof course.
  • Check in your attic – the cavity insulation material may be spilling out at the top of the wall. This is not a good thing! If you see this, you should probably get a professional to clear it up and seal off the wall.

Your home doesn’t have brick walls, can you insulate it?

  • If your house has stone walls, they’re most likely solid, with no cavities to insulate. In that case, see our ultimate guide to solid wall insulation for alternative ideas.
  • If you live in a timber or steel-framed building, or your home is built of pre-fab concrete, they won’t have cavity walls – but you may be able to insulate them in another way. To find a suitable local installer, get in touch with the National Insulation Association.
  • If a contractor suggests injecting wall cavity insulation between the outer brick leaf and the inner frame of your timber-framed home, don’t do this, as it can cause serious damage.

Is cavity wall insulation right for your home?

You should only consider cavity wall insulation if:

  • Your home has unfilled cavity walls made of brick.
  • The cavities are at least 2 inches wide.
  • The brickwork or masonry is in good condition.
  • Your external walls are accessible. If some are joined to a neighbouring house, the installer will need to insert a cavity barrier, which could add to the costs. Installers may also be reluctant to work around garages, conservatories or extensions.
  • Your home is less than 12 metres (about 4 storeys) high.
  • Your internal walls are dry. Wet wall insulation is worse than no wall insulation, so if you have any damp patches, you’ll need to get the cause sorted out before installing insulation. For the same reason, cavity insulation is not suitable if the walls are regularly exposed to driving rain.
  • There are no areas of steel or timber-framed construction.

Cavity wall insulation is only suitable for your home if you can answer ‘yes’ to all these points.

(Video) The Benefits of Cavity Wall Insulation | Leon York Insulation

Some timber-framed homes look exactly as though they’re built of brick – but of course they’re not. These buildings are not suitable for cavity wall insulation, as they need the cavity to allow moisture to escape.

If you’re not sure whether your home is built in this style, check up in the attic. If your party or gable walls are made of timber instead of brick, you’ve got a timber-framed house.

Costs and savings of cavity wall insulation

Installing cavity wall insulation can vary in cost, depending on the size of your home. But whether you live in a 1-bedroom flat or a large detached house, you’ll likely recoup the installation costs in 5 years or less. That’s purely down to the yearly energy bill savings you’ll make by having a properly insulated home!

As an example in the graph above, for a semi-detached home in England, Scotland and Wales, insulation would typically cost around £475, and you’d save around £165 per year in heating costs – which means you’d make back your costs in less than 3 years2.

And in other good news, you’d also be lowering your carbon emissions by as much as 680kg per year!That’s the equivalent to planting around 11 carbon-munching trees – and you won’t even need to get muddy knees!

You might be able to reduce the costs further by having the work done at the same time as other home improvements. Or consider doing your insulation bit by bit, rather than tackling the whole house at once.

Looking for other ways to save money on your energy? Check out our most affordable energy plan, Better Smart and start saving on your gas and electricity bills today.

Green Homes Grant:Government support to help cover insulation costs

The Green Homes Grant scheme helps homeowners and landlords in England to apply for some very useful money-saving and energy-saving vouchers. These can be put towards the cost of installing everything from insulation to heat pumps to solar thermal.

The vouchers are worth up to two-thirds of the cost of making your home more energy efficient – up to a maximum of £5,000 per household.

(Video) Home Energy Upgrades Presentation and FAQs

Find out more about the Government’s Green Homes Grant scheme

How to install cavity wall insulation

  1. Your installer should first check that the walls are suitable, in good condition and free from damp. They’ll then drill a series of small holes, blow the insulation into the cavity using special equipment, and fill in the holes with mortar afterwards.
  2. A professional installer should be able to complete the work in around 2 hours for an average-sized house with easy-to-access walls. They should also ‘make good’ when they’ve finished – ie. make sure you’re not left with any mess!
  3. They shouldn’t need to enter your house to do any of the work (although they may of course need to use your loo!).
  4. Soon after the work’s done, you’ll be sent a guarantee issued by the Cavity Insulation Guarantee Agency (CIGA), and your installer should give you written confirmation that the work complies with building regulations. Your local authority or CIGA may also come round to do a spot check, to make sure the work is of an acceptable standard.

What kind of cavity insulation will they install?

Cavity wall insulation can be mineral fibre wool, polystyrene granules (also known as beads) or polyurethane foam. They should all be manufactured to British standards.

Mineral wool

Mineral wool is used most often. It’s like the mineral ‘quilt’ insulation used in lofts, but broken up into small tufts so it can be blown into the walls. It must be kept absolutely dry or it loses its ability to insulate, and it may settle over time, creating air pockets at the top of the walls.

Cavity Wall Insulation Guide: Costs, savings and benefits | OVO Energy (4)

Beads and granules

Beads and granules are also popular, as they trap heat very efficiently and create gap-free wall insulation. However, loose granules have been known to escape through airbricks – and if you ever need to have work done that involves drilling or cutting into the wall, they can sometimes gush out.


Foam offers the best thermal cavity wall insulation, but installation is tricky and needs expert attention, and some foams have been known to degrade in the long term.

Can I install wall cavity insulation myself?

This is only a good idea if you’re a trained and qualified wall insulation installer!

How to find a goodcavity wall insulation installer

To find a reputable tradesperson, your first port of call should be one of these websites:

  • The British Board of Agrement (BBA) – click on ‘installer search’.
  • The Cavity Insulation Guarantee Agency (CIGA) – click on ‘find an installer’.
  • The National Insulation Association (NIA) – click on ‘find your nearest installer’.

Remember, this work only qualifies for a guarantee if it’s carried out by a fully-qualified professional who’s signed up to appropriate codes of practice. So before you confirm the booking, bear in mind that:

  • A careless installer could block flues or airbricks.
  • They might blow insulation materials out of the top of the walls into your loft, or even into next door.
  • If they don’t distribute the material evenly, it could create air pockets. These can lead to cold areas on your internal walls, causing patches of condensation and mould.
  • The cavity insulation might cause the wall ties holding your walls together to rust. But this could only happen if damp gets in, if your brickwork is crumbling or if it’s exposed to regular torrential rain. In this case, cavity wall insulation is best avoided in the first place.

Other ways to insulate your home

Browse our handy user guides to discover some of the many ways you can improve your home’s insulation levels for roof, loft, walls, windows and doors.

Roof and loft insulation

In just the same way as we lose much of our body heat through our heads, as much as a quarter of the heat in uninsulated homes wafts out through the roof. Filling your loft space with insulation could be a very cost-effective way to retain heat in your home and save on your energy bills.

(Video) Making Your Properties Energy Efficient With Cost Saving Tips

Find out more in our guide to roof and loft insulation

Solid wall insulation

Did you know that solid walls let twice as much heat escape as cavity walls? For a detached house, insulating solid walls could save you as much as £455 a year.

Read more in our guide to solid wall insulation

Draught-proofing windows and doors

Draught-proofing your home’s windows and doors could actually save you between £25 and £50 on your heating bills each year – not to mention the environmental benefits.

Find out more in our guide to draught-proofing windows and doors

Looking for other ways to save energy and reduce your carbon footprint? Check out theseeasy and practical ways to cut your carbonand start making an impact to the planet today!


2Estimates based on a gas-heated home. The average install cost is unsubsidised. Figures are based on fuel prices as of April 2019.

(Video) Cavity Wall Insulation


How much energy does cavity wall insulation save? ›

Good cavity wall insulation can cut your heat loss by up to 33% – and your energy bills by up to £480 a year(1).

Does cavity wall insulation improve EPC? ›

Cavity Wall Insulation

The insulation can make on average a 4 – 20 point improvement to the properties EPC rating depending on the property characteristics like the exposed wall and floor area, heating type and what other energy efficiency measures are already in place.

Does wall insulation save money? ›

By properly insulating cavity walls, you will save energy and cut costs off your heating bill. In general, houses built from the 1990s onwards have wall insulation to keep the heat in, but if your house is older than that, it may not have any wall insulation at all.

How does cavity wall insulation reduce energy loss? ›

How does cavity wall insulation work? Cavity wall insulation is used to reduce heat loss through a cavity wall by filling the air space with material that stops heat transfer. This captures the air within the cavity, preventing heating loss and resulting in reduced heating costs.

Which energy saving feature is the most cost effective? ›

The very first energy efficiency device you need to go out and purchase are energy efficient light bulbs. These bulbs are only going to cost a few dollars, but the bulbs often use a quarter of the energy of traditional light bulbs.

How much difference does wall insulation make? ›

The EPA's research says that homeowners who have quality insulation in their homes can expect to see an average of 15 percent savings on their heating and cooling costs, and about a 25 percent reduction in total air infiltration. That adds up over time, saving you hundreds of dollars per year.

How can I reduce my EPC rating? ›

Here are five easy ways you can improve your property's EPC.
  1. Upgrade your lighting to LED light bulbs. ...
  2. Insulate the walls and roof. ...
  3. Invest in double or triple glazed windows. ...
  4. Install a more efficient boiler. ...
  5. Install a smart meter.
27 Jan 2020

What does an EPC rating of C mean? ›

These scores are divided into bands as follows: EPC rating A = 92-100 SAP points (most efficient) EPC rating B = 81-91 SAP points. EPC rating C = 69-80 SAP points. EPC rating D = 55-68 SAP points.

How can I increase my EPC rating from F to E? ›

How do I increase my EPC rating?
  1. Upgrade to LED light bulbs.
  2. Install house insulation.
  3. Install double or triple-glazed windows.
  4. Install a more efficient boiler.
  5. Install a smart meter.
13 May 2021

How much can you save by better insulation? ›

Boosting energy-efficiency with insulation

Wall insulation is also incredibly important, and can help you cut the amount of energy you need to cool and heat your home by around 25%. You can save around 20% by opting for floor insulation.

Is internal wall insulation worth it? ›

Insulating interior walls can be especially useful in homes where there are unused rooms, guest rooms or storage rooms – the insulation will reduce the amount of heat transfer into such rooms that don't require heating or cooling, reducing both heat and air conditioning costs.

Does cavity wall insulation cause damp? ›

If installed incorrectly, or in unsuitable properties, cavity wall insulation (CWI) can lead to damp.

How much does wall insulation reduce heat loss? ›

The installation can also be done room by room. Internal Wall Insulation comes with a 25 year warranty and can save the homeowner/ tenant up to 35% on their heating bills.

Which two changes to the house would reduce the rate of energy transfer? ›

Ways to reduce heat loss
  • Simple ways to reduce heat loss include fitting carpets, curtains and draught excluders. ...
  • Heat loss through windows can be reduced by using double glazing. ...
  • Heat loss through walls can be reduced using cavity wall insulation. ...
  • Heat loss through the roof can be reduced by laying loft insulation.

How much heat do cavity walls lose? ›

Why get cavity wall insulation? A home can lose as much as 35% of its heat through uninsulated external walls. By investing in cavity wall insulation, you can significantly reduce the heat loss from your home.

How much does it cost to have a light on for 1 hour UK? ›

Therefore, I am now stating the obvious – On a standard tariff you would pay about 19 pence for 10 hours use of a 100 watt bulb, or 1.9 pence per hour. Many People believe a bulb doesn't consume much electricity.

How can we reduce electricity consumption at home? ›

There are a lot of ways to conserve energy and save electricity in your home, here are a few of them check below.
  1. Here are the tips and tricks to reduce electricity consumption:
  2. Install solar panels: ...
  3. Wall Paint: ...
  4. Energy-efficient appliances: ...
  5. More use of ceiling fans: ...
  6. Use LED Lights: ...
  7. Use power strips for multiple gadgets:
20 Oct 2020

Can you put too much insulation in walls? ›

It is possible to over-insulate your house so much that it can't breathe. The whole point of home insulation is to tightly seal your home's interior. But if it becomes too tightly sealed with too many layers of insulation, moisture can get trapped inside those layers. That's when mold starts to grow.

Is it more important to insulate walls or ceiling? ›

As for attic vs. wall insulation, always go for the attic. The largest pay back will be seen here. You would stop heat loss from natural convection and block solar gain (an increase in heat) in the attic, which can result in energy savings of 30 to 50 percent.

Which wall insulation is best? ›

The best insulation for walls when it comes to new build homes or remodels is going to be Nu-Wool, foam board, or open cell spray foam.
  • Open cell spray foam is an expensive option for insulation.
  • Spray foam can't be installed as a DIY project.
  • Some brands of spray foam have an odor when installed.
1 Jul 2020

What is the benefit of cavity wall insulation? ›

Cavity wall insulation is one of the easiest and most cost-effective forms of insulation to install in the home. It increases the energy efficiency of your home, reduces heat loss and your carbon footprint, and can make the home warmer and cheaper to heat.

Does cavity wall insulation keep house cooler summer? ›

Cavity wall insulation is used to reduce heat loss from homes by filling the air space between walls and preventing the transfer of heat, keeping your home warm in the winter and cool in the summer.

Are there any problems with cavity wall insulation? ›

Damp cavity wall insulation will lose much of its insulating properties, and can penetrate your internal walls, causing dampness, stains, peeling wallpaper, and even mould. This can even lead to black mould, which can cause serious health problems.

When did cavity wall insulation become compulsory in the UK? ›

Cavity wall insulation was first introduced during the 1970s, becoming compulsory in the 1990s for all new UK buildings. Any London property built after 1983 should already have cavity wall insulation fitted, but in older homes it may not be present.


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