Coping with Depression - (2022)


When you’re depressed, you can’t just will yourself to “snap out of it.” But this guide to depression help can put you on the road to recovery.

Coping with Depression - (1)

Why is dealing with depression so difficult?

Depression drains your energy, hope, and drive, making it difficult to take the steps that will help you to feel better. Sometimes, just thinking about the things you should do to feel better, like exercising or spending time with friends, can seem exhausting or impossible to put into action.

It’s the Catch-22 of depression recovery: The things that help the most are the things that are the most difficult to do. There is a big difference, however, between something that’s difficult and something that’s impossible. While recovering from depression isn’t quick or easy, you do have more control than you realize—even if your depression is severe and stubbornly persistent. The key is to start small and build from there. You may not have much energy, but by drawing on all your reserves, you should have enough to take a walk around the block or pick up the phone to call a loved one, for example.

Taking the first step is always the hardest. But going for a walk or getting up and dancing to your favorite music, for example, is something you can do right now. And it can substantially boost your mood and energy for several hours—long enough to put a second recovery step into action, such as preparing a mood-boosting meal or arranging to meet an old friend. By taking the following small but positive steps day by day, you’ll soon lift the heavy fog of depression and find yourself feeling happier, healthier, and more hopeful again.

Coping with depression tip 1: Reach out and stay connected

Getting support plays an essential role in overcoming depression. On your own, it can be difficult to maintain a healthy perspective and sustain the effort required to beat depression. At the same time, the very nature of depression makes it difficult to reach out for help. When you’re depressed, the tendency is to withdraw and isolate so that connecting to even close family members and friends can be tough.

[Read: Helping Someone with Depression]

You may feel too exhausted to talk, ashamed at your situation, or guilty for neglecting certain relationships. But this is just the depression talking. Staying connected to other people and taking part in social activities will make a world of difference in your mood and outlook. Reaching out is not a sign of weakness and it won’t mean you’re a burden to others. Your loved ones care about you and want to help. And if you don’t feel that you have anyone to turn to, it’s never too late to build new friendships and improve your support network.

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(Video) Coping with Anxiety and Depression

How to reach out for depression support

Look for support from people who make you feel safe and cared for. The person you talk to doesn’t have to be able to fix you; they just need to be a good listener—someone who’ll listen attentively and compassionately without being distracted or judging you.

Make face-time a priority. Phone calls, social media, and texting are great ways to stay in touch, but they don’t replace good old-fashioned in-person quality time. The simple act of talking to someone face to face about how you feel can play a big role in relieving depression and keeping it away.

Try to keep up with social activities even if you don’t feel like it. Often when you’re depressed, it feels more comfortable to retreat into your shell, but being around other people will make you feel less depressed.

Find ways to support others. It’s nice to receive support, but research shows you get an even bigger mood boost from providing support yourself. So find ways—both big and small—to help others: volunteer, be a listening ear for a friend, do something nice for somebody.

Care for a pet. While nothing can replace the human connection, pets can bring joy and companionship into your life and help you feel less isolated. Caring for a pet can also get you outside of yourself and give you a sense of being needed—both powerful antidotes to depression.

Join a support group for depression. Being with others dealing with depression can go a long way in reducing your sense of isolation. You can also encourage each other, give and receive advice on how to cope, and share your experiences.

10 tips for staying connected

  1. Talk to one person about your feelings.
  2. Help someone else by volunteering.
  3. Have lunch or coffee with a friend.
  4. Ask a loved one to check in with you regularly.
  5. Accompany someone to the movies, a concert, or a small get-together.
  6. Call or email an old friend.
  7. Go for a walk with a workout buddy.
  8. Schedule a weekly dinner date.
  9. Meet new people by taking a class or joining a club.
  10. Confide in a clergy member, teacher, or sports coach.

Tip 2: Do things that make you feel good

In order to overcome depression, you have to do things that relax and energize you. This includes following a healthy lifestyle, learning how to better manage stress, setting limits on what you’re able to do, and scheduling fun activities into your day.

Do things you enjoy (or used to)

While you can’t force yourself to have fun or experience pleasure, you can push yourself to do things, even when you don’t feel like it. You might be surprised at how much better you feel once you’re out in the world. Even if your depression doesn’t lift immediately, you’ll gradually feel more upbeat and energetic as you make time for fun activities.

Pick up a former hobby or a sport you used to like. Express yourself creatively through music, art, or writing. Go out with friends. Take a day trip to a museum, the mountains, or the ballpark.

Support your health

Aim for eight hours of sleep. Depression typically involves sleep problems; whether you’re sleeping too little or too much, your mood suffers. Get on a better sleep schedule by learning healthy sleep habits.

Keep stress in check. Not only does stress prolong and worsen depression, but it can also trigger it. Figure out all the things in your life that stress you out, such as work overload, money problems, or unsupportive relationships, and find ways to relieve the pressure and regain control.

Practice relaxation techniques. A daily relaxation practice can help relieve symptoms of depression, reduce stress, and boost feelings of joy and well-being. Try yoga, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation.

Develop a “wellness toolbox” to deal with depression

Come up with a list of things that you can do for a quick mood boost. The more “tools” for coping with depression you have, the better. Try and implement a few of these ideas each day, even if you’re feeling good.

  1. Spend some time in nature.
  2. List what you like about yourself.
  3. Read a good book.
  4. Watch a funny movie or TV show.
  5. Take a long, hot bath.
  6. Take care of a few small tasks.
  7. Play with a pet.
  8. Talk to friends or family face-to-face.
  9. Listen to music.
  10. Do something spontaneous.

Tip 3: Get moving

When you’re depressed, just getting out of bed can seem like a daunting task, let alone working out! But exercise is a powerful depression fighter—and one of the most important tools in your recovery arsenal. Research shows that regular exercise can be as effective as medication for relieving depression symptoms. It also helps prevent relapse once you’re well.

To get the most benefit, aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. This doesn’t have to be all at once—and it’s okay to start small. A 10-minute walk can improve your mood for two hours.

(Video) Coping with Depression and Sadness ⁂

Exercise is something you can do right now to boost your mood

Your fatigue will improve if you stick with it. Starting to exercise can be difficult when you’re depressed and feeling exhausted. But research shows that your energy levels will improve if you keep with it. Exercise will help you to feel energized and less fatigued, not more.

Find exercises that are continuous and rhythmic. The most benefits for depression come from rhythmic exercise—such as walking, weight training, swimming, martial arts, or dancing—where you move both your arms and legs.

Add a mindfulness element, especially if your depression is rooted in unresolved trauma or fed by obsessive, negative thoughts. Focus on how your body feels as you move—such as the sensation of your feet hitting the ground, or the feeling of the wind on your skin, or the rhythm of your breathing.

Pair up with an exercise partner. Not only does working out with others enable you to spend time socializing, it can also help to keep you motivated. Try joining a running club, taking a water aerobics or dance class, seeking out tennis partners, or enrolling in a soccer or volleyball league.

Take a dog for a walk. If you don’t own a dog, you can volunteer to walk homeless dogs for an animal shelter or rescue group. You’ll not only be helping yourself but also be helping to socialize and exercise the dogs, making them more adoptable.

Tip 4: Eat a healthy, depression-fighting diet

What you eat has a direct impact on the way you feel. Reduce your intake of foods that can adversely affect your brain and mood, such as caffeine, alcohol, trans fats, and foods with high levels of chemical preservatives or hormones (such as certain meats).

Don’t skip meals. Going too long between meals can make you feel irritable and tired, so aim to eat something at least every three to four hours.

Minimize sugar and refined carbs. You may crave sugary snacks, baked goods, or comfort foods such as pasta or French fries, but these “feel-good” foods quickly lead to a crash in mood and energy. Aim to cut out as much of these foods as possible.

Boost your B vitamins. Deficiencies in B vitamins such as folic acid and B-12 can trigger depression. To get more, take a B-complex vitamin supplement or eat more citrus fruit, leafy greens, beans, chicken, and eggs.

Boost your mood with foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids play an essential role in stabilizing mood. The best sources are fatty fish such as salmon, herring, mackerel, anchovies, sardines, tuna, and some cold-water fish oil supplements.

Tip 5: Get a daily dose of sunlight

Coping with Depression - (2)

Sunlight can help boost serotonin levels and improve your mood. Whenever possible, get outside during daylight hours and expose yourself to the sun for at least 15 minutes a day. Remove sunglasses (but never stare directly at the sun) and use sunscreen as needed.

  • Take a walk on your lunch break, have your coffee outside, enjoy an al fresco meal, or spend time gardening.
  • Double up on the benefits of sunlight by exercising outside. Try hiking, walking in a local park, or playing golf or tennis with a friend.
  • Increase the amount of natural light in your home and workplace by opening blinds and drapes and sitting near windows.
  • If you live somewhere with little winter sunshine, try using a light therapy box.

Dealing with the winter blues

For some people, the reduced daylight hours of winter lead to a form of depression known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). SAD can make you feel like a completely different person to who you are in the summer: hopeless, sad, tense, or stressed, with no interest in friends or activities you normally love. No matter how hopeless you feel, though, there are plenty of things you can do to keep your mood stable throughout the year.

Tip 6: Challenge negative thinking

Do you feel like you’re powerless or weak? That bad things happen and there’s not much you can do about it? That your situation is hopeless? Depression puts a negative spin on everything, including the way you see yourself and your expectations for the future.

[Read: How to Stop Worrying]

When these types of thoughts overwhelm you, it’s important to remember that this is a symptom of your depression and these irrational, pessimistic attitudes—known as cognitive distortions—aren’t realistic. When you really examine them they don’t hold up. But even so, they can be tough to give up. You can’t break out of this pessimistic mind frame by telling yourself to “just think positive.” Often, it’s part of a lifelong pattern of thinking that’s become so automatic you’re not even completely aware of it. Rather, the trick is to identify the type of negative thoughts that are fueling your depression, and replace them with a more balanced way of thinking.

Negative, unrealistic ways of thinking that fuel depression

All-or-nothing thinking. Looking at things in black-or-white categories, with no middle ground (“If everything is not perfect, I’m a total failure.”)

Overgeneralization. Generalizing from a single negative experience, expecting it to hold true forever (“I had a bad date, I’ll never find anyone.”)

(Video) Mental Health: Ways to deal with anxiety and depression.

The mental filter – Ignoring positive events and focusing on the negative. Noticing the one thing that went wrong, rather than all the things that went right. (“I got the last question on the test wrong. I’m an idiot.”)

Diminishing the positive. Coming up with reasons why positive events don’t count (“She said she had a good time on our date, but I think she was just being nice.”)

Jumping to conclusions. Making negative interpretations without actual evidence. You act like a mind reader (“He must think I’m pathetic”) or a fortune teller (“I’ll be stuck in this dead-end job forever.”)

Emotional reasoning. Believing that the way you feel reflects reality (“I feel like such a loser. Everyone must be laughing at me!”)

‘Shoulds’ and ‘should-nots.’ Holding yourself to a strict list of what you should and shouldn’t do, and beating yourself up if you don’t live up to your rules. (“I should never have interviewed for that job. I’m an idiot for thinking I could get it.”)

Labeling. Classifying yourself based on mistakes and perceived shortcomings (“I’m a failure; an idiot; a loser.”)

Put your thoughts on the witness stand

Once you identify the destructive thoughts patterns that contribute to your depression, you can start to challenge them with questions such as:

  • “What’s the evidence that this thought is true? Not true?”
  • “What would I tell a friend who had this thought?”
  • “Is there another way of looking at the situation or an alternate explanation?”
  • “How might I look at this situation if I didn’t have depression?”

As you cross-examine your negative thoughts, you may be surprised at how quickly they crumble. In the process, you’ll develop a more balanced perspective and help to relieve your depression.

When to get professional help for depression

If you’ve taken self-help steps and made positive lifestyle changes and still find your depression getting worse, seek professional help. Needing additional help doesn’t mean you’re weak. Sometimes the negative thinking in depression can make you feel like you’re a lost cause, but depression can be treated and you can feel better!

Don’t forget about these self-help tips, though. Even if you’re receiving professional help, these tips can be part of your treatment plan, speeding your recovery and preventing depression from returning.

Authors: Melinda Smith, M.A., Lawrence Robinson, and Jeanne Segal, Ph.D.

Last updated: October 2021

    What Causes Depression? – Including genes, temperament, stressful life events, and medical issues. (Harvard Health Publishing)

    Depression: Back from the Bluez – Self-help modules for coping with and recovering from depression. (Center for Clinical Interventions)

    How Depression Causes Negative ‘Spin’ – Learn about common cognitive distortions and how to change them. (

    (Video) How I Cope with Depression

    Depression hotlines, suicide prevention help

    Depression hotlines

    In the U.S.: FindDBSA Chapters/Support Groupsor call theNAMI Helplinefor support and referrals at 1-800-950-6264

    UK: FindDepression support groupsin-person and online or call theMind Infolineat 0300 123 3393

    Australia: FindSupport Groupsand regional resources or call theSANE HelpCentreat 1800 18 7263

    India:Call the Vandrevala FoundationHelpline (India)at 1860 2662 345 or 1800 2333 330

    Canada: CallMood Disorders Society of Canadaat 519-824-5565

    Suicide prevention help

    In the U.S.: Call988 Suicide and Crisis Lifelineat 988

    UK and Ireland: CallSamaritans UKat 116 123

    Australia: CallLifeline Australiaat 13 11 14

    Other countries: VisitIASPorInternational Suicide Hotlinesto find a helpline near you

    (Video) how to talk to someone with depression (do’s & don’t) 🤍

    Last updated: August 18, 2022


    How do most people cope with depression? ›

    Socialize — people with depression often feel isolated. Don't isolate yourself from your loved ones. Reach out to friends and family and build yourself a strong support system. Exercise — exercise is a great habit for anyone to pick up, but it is especially important for those who have depression.

    What are three strategies for coping with depression? ›

    Try these coping strategies if you're feeling depressed.
    • Stay in touch. Don't withdraw from life. ...
    • Be more active. Take up some form of exercise. ...
    • Face your fears. Don't avoid the things you find difficult. ...
    • Don't drink too much alcohol. For some people, alcohol can become a problem. ...
    • Try to eat a healthy diet. ...
    • Have a routine.

    What is the most effective treatment for depression in older adults? ›

    Second-generation antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs or NDRIs) are recommended for older adults due to the reduced risk of side effects and safety in the event of overdose. If considering medication for older adults with depression, the panel recommends combining it with interpersonal psychotherapy.

    What is the most common cause of depression in older adults? ›

    Social isolation and depression in older adults

    Everyone needs social connections to survive and thrive. But as people age, they often find themselves spending more time alone. Studies show that loneliness and social isolation are associated with higher rates of depression.

    What is the fastest way to treat depression? ›

    As you start to feel better, you can add more challenging daily goals.
    1. Exercise. It temporarily boosts feel-good chemicals called endorphins. ...
    2. Eat healthy. ...
    3. Get enough sleep. ...
    4. Challenge negative thoughts. ...
    5. Check with your doctor before using supplements. ...
    6. Do something new. ...
    7. Avoid alcohol and other drugs.
    1 Oct 2021

    What are good coping strategies? ›

    What are some common coping strategies?
    • Lower your expectations.
    • Ask others to help or assist you.
    • Take responsibility for the situation.
    • Engage in problem solving.
    • Maintain emotionally supportive relationships.
    • Maintain emotional composure or, alternatively, expressing distressing emotions.
    24 Nov 2020

    What are the five types of coping strategies? ›

    There are many different conceptualizations of coping strategies, but the five general types of coping strategies are problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, social support, religious coping, and meaning making.

    What is one way to help a patient with depression? ›

    Creating a regular routine may help a person with depression feel more in control. Offer to make a schedule for meals, medication, physical activity and sleep, and help organize household chores. Locate helpful organizations. A number of organizations offer support groups, counseling and other resources for depression.

    What is a strategy to help someone who is suffering from depression? ›

    Inspire them toward self-care.

    Take your loved one for a walk, exercise or a grooming session. Help them eat healthily. Besides therapy, self-improvement practices help greatly in the healing process. Take them out for a day of self-indulgence, such as for spa or hair care.

    What is the safest antidepressant for seniors? ›

    When it comes to antidepressants for elderly patients, most experts recommend SSRIs or selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), which help increase certain brain chemicals such as serotonin. These drugs tend to have fewer serious side effects and drug interactions than older antidepressants on the market.

    Which antidepressant should be avoided in the elderly? ›

    Tricyclic antidepressants, especially amitriptyline and dothiepin,16 are known to pose a high risk of death in overdosage. These drugs should therefore be avoided in older people whose medication is not supervised and who are at risk of taking an overdose.

    What is the safest antidepressant? ›

    Among the newer antidepressants, bupropion and venlafaxine were associated with the highest case fatality rates. In addition, among SSRIs, citalopram and fluvoxamine appeared to be related to higher mortality rates in overdose, whereas fluoxetine and sertraline were the safest [188].

    How much sleep do 70 year olds need? ›

    Sleep and Aging

    Older adults need about the same amount of sleep as all adults—7 to 9 hours each night.

    What is considered old age for a woman? ›

    When are we considered old? For women, the old age threshold is about 73; for men, 70.

    Does depression improve with age? ›

    There is no evidence, to my knowledge, that causes of depression change with age. One exception, however, would be mood disorders specific to late-life, such as vascular depression or affective syndrome of Alzheimer's disorder.

    How do you treat depression and overthinking? ›

    Tips for addressing ruminating thoughts
    1. Distract yourself. When you realize you're starting to ruminate, finding a distraction can break your thought cycle. ...
    2. Plan to take action. ...
    3. Take action. ...
    4. Question your thoughts. ...
    5. Readjust your life's goals. ...
    6. Work on enhancing your self-esteem. ...
    7. Try meditation. ...
    8. Understand your triggers.

    How I healed my anxiety without drugs? ›

    Anxiety Treatment Without Medication: 7 Holistic Ways to Cope
    1. Keep Your Blood Sugar in Check. ...
    2. Avoid Stimulants. ...
    3. Get Enough Sleep. ...
    4. Just Breathe. ...
    5. Practice Mindfulness. ...
    6. Exercise. ...
    7. Do What You Enjoy. ...
    8. Where to Get Help.
    6 Dec 2017

    How do you recover from sadness? ›

    How to Stop Being Sad
    1. First, don't feel bad about feeling sad. ...
    2. Can't pinpoint why you're sad? ...
    3. Embrace your emotions. ...
    4. To release sad emotions, don't overlook the value in a good cry. ...
    5. Now, here's how to move on. ...
    6. Set the bar ridiculously low. ...
    7. Find what does make you happy.
    5 Apr 2021

    What are positive coping skills? ›

    Positive coping styles include: Immediate problem-solving, to fix the immediate cause of the stress. Root-cause solving, or seeking to fix the underlying problem for good. Benefit-finding, or looking for the good amidst the bad.

    What are 5 positive coping skills that you are willing to try? ›

    Taking a walk, frequent vacations, reading a book, going shopping, volunteering, or watching a tv show are all good ideas of positive coping skills that you could adopt.

    Which factors improve coping? ›

    Coping Strategies
    • Relaxation.
    • Humor.
    • Releasing pent-up emotions by talking or writing about them.
    • Exercise.
    • Getting social support.
    • Reappraising an event or changing perspective on the problem.
    • Spirituality and faith.
    • Problem solving.

    What are the five types of coping strategies? ›

    There are many different conceptualizations of coping strategies, but the five general types of coping strategies are problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, social support, religious coping, and meaning making.

    How do you cope up with loneliness? ›

    How can I cope with loneliness?
    1. Ask yourself why you feel lonely. Do you feel lonely because you don't have others around you? ...
    2. Avoid comparing yourself to others. ...
    3. Give yourself some time, especially during big changes. ...
    4. Think about what else is going on. ...
    5. Find a way to take advantage of time you'll be alone.

    What are some coping skills for anxiety? ›

    Here are 11 tips for coping with an anxiety disorder:
    • Keep physically active. ...
    • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs. ...
    • Quit smoking, and cut back or quit drinking caffeinated beverages. ...
    • Use stress management and relaxation techniques. ...
    • Make sleep a priority. ...
    • Eat healthy foods. ...
    • Learn about your disorder.
    20 Jul 2021

    What is a depressed button? ›

    When referring to a button, depress refers to the act of pressing down upon the button. For example, in the Acer X243H user manual instructions for removing the monitor from the base, it states the following.

    What are 10 coping skills? ›

    Top 10 Coping Skills
    • Deep Breathing. Often when faced with a stressful situation or feeling, our breathing changes. ...
    • Writing. Writing can be an effective means of working through stress. ...
    • Physical Activity. ...
    • Self-Talk. ...
    • Art. ...
    • Meditation. ...
    • Puzzles. ...
    • Music.
    22 Oct 2019

    Is crying a coping mechanism? ›

    In times of deep pain, anger and stress, crying can be a healthy coping option. Though more often associated with negative emotions, crying is more than just a symptom of sadness. Research suggests crying is an emotional release mechanism useful to your mental health for a number of reasons.

    What are unhealthy coping strategies? ›

    Some of the most common unhealthy coping mechanisms are:
    • Avoiding issues. ...
    • Sleeping too much. ...
    • Excessive drug or alcohol use. ...
    • Impulsive spending. ...
    • Over or under eating.

    How do you recover from sadness? ›

    How to Stop Being Sad
    1. First, don't feel bad about feeling sad. ...
    2. Can't pinpoint why you're sad? ...
    3. Embrace your emotions. ...
    4. To release sad emotions, don't overlook the value in a good cry. ...
    5. Now, here's how to move on. ...
    6. Set the bar ridiculously low. ...
    7. Find what does make you happy.
    5 Apr 2021

    How do I deal with anxiety and overthinking? ›

    Here are 10 tips to try when you begin to experience the same thought, or set of thoughts, swirling around your head:
    1. Distract yourself. ...
    2. Plan to take action. ...
    3. Take action. ...
    4. Question your thoughts. ...
    5. Readjust your life's goals. ...
    6. Work on enhancing your self-esteem. ...
    7. Try meditation. ...
    8. Understand your triggers.

    What is the 3 3 3 rule anxiety? ›

    Follow the 3-3-3 rule.

    Look around you and name three things you see. Then, name three sounds you hear. Finally, move three parts of your body — your ankle, fingers, or arm.

    How do you stop overthinking? ›

    Here are six ways to stop overthinking everything:
    1. Notice When You're Stuck in Your Head. Overthinking can become such a habit that you don't even recognize when you're doing it. ...
    2. Keep the Focus on Problem-Solving. ...
    3. Challenge Your Thoughts. ...
    4. Schedule Time for Reflection. ...
    5. Learn Mindfulness Skills. ...
    6. Change the Channel.
    24 Jan 2022

    Does depressed mean pushed in? ›

    "Depress" specifically means to push DOWN.

    What does depress clutch mean? ›

    When the clutch pedal is depressed, the throw-out bearing moves toward the flywheel, pushing in the pressure plate's release fingers and moving the pressure plate fingers or levers against pressure plate spring force. This action moves the pressure plate away from the clutch disc, thus interrupting power flow.

    What does depress mean in driving? ›

    An example of depress is pushing the gas pedal of a car down with your foot. An example of depress is telling someone that their car has been stolen.


    1. Coming Through Depression: My Story
    2. What I Can Do — PSA on How to React to Depression
    (Jake Fullmer)
    3. 3 Habits To Beat Depression!
    (Jasmine Alexandria)
    4. If You're Feeling Depressed, Watch This
    5. Depression and Low Mood Self-Help Guide (Sign Language & Subtitles)
    6. A Guide To: Depression - Treatments and Coping Mechanisms
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