Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (2022)

The Border Collie is widely considered to be the world’s smartest dog breed (with the Poodle coming in close second). If some dog breeds are the smartest, it only makes sense that some dog breeds are the dumbest, right? An internet search for dumbest dog breeds will turn up numerous lists of those breeds people think are less intelligent in some ways.

First, what determines the smartest and dumbest dog breeds?

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (1)

So, just what makes a dog smart — or puts him in the rankings for the dumbest dog breeds? Is it simply how trainable he is? His ability to remember things? Sense of direction? Energy level? Something else?

In 1994, a psychologist named Stanley Coren, PhD., DSc., FRSC, wrote a book called The Intelligence of Dogs (Atria Books). Dr. Coren ranked more than 100 dog breeds based on three specific types of intelligence:

  1. Instinctive intelligence (ability to perform tasks it was bred to perform like herding or hunting)
  2. Adaptive intelligence (ability to independently problem solve and learn from previous experiences)
  3. Working and obedience intelligence (ability to learn when being taught by humans)

In The Intelligence of Dogs, Dr. Coren’s top 10 smartest breeds in order of intelligence were:

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (2)
  1. Border Collie
  2. Poodle
  3. German Shepherd Dog
  4. Golden Retriever
  5. Doberman Pinscher
  6. Shetland Sheepdog
  7. Labrador Retriever
  8. Papillon
  9. Rottweiler
  10. Australian Cattle Dog

The 10 lowest-ranking breeds (or the dumbest dog breeds) according to the book were (in descending order):

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (3)
  1. Basset Hound
  2. Mastiff
  3. Beagle
  4. Pekingese
  5. Bloodhound
  6. Borzoi
  7. Chow Chow
  8. Bulldog
  9. Basenji
  10. Afghan Hound

So, does this mean these are the 10 dumbest dog breeds? Well, not necessarily.

When talking dumbest dog breeds, remember: all dogs are bred for different skills

“How smart you appear to be depends on the test,” says Nicholas Dodman, BVMS, Dipl. ACVB, professor emeritus and former section head and program director of the Animal Behavior Clinic at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. “Until quite recently, I had two dogs. One of themwas hyper and the other dog would sort of lie around like a lump. You would say Jasper was notas smart as Rusty. But once you were out on a trail, Jasper lit up. He was doing the job that nature intended him to do because he was a coonhound, and he was using his super-intelligent nose. He was brilliant at his job, but not so good at some other things.”

(Video) Top 9 Dumbest Dog Breeds (Sorry If Your Dog Is On This List)

It’s no secret that purebred dogs have very different skills depending on what they were bred to do. For instance, herding breeds like Border Collies, Australian Shepherds and Corgis are universally considered to be extremely intelligent. Due to the nature of their work, they are excellent at both making independent decisionsand taking instructions from humans.

Why are hound dogs considered to be among the dumbest dog breeds?

Why do so many hound dog breeds make the list of dumbest dogs breeds? “Pretty much all scenthounds are governed by their noses,” Dr. Dodman says. “They’re hard to train because they don’t really look up, they look down. They’re not really interested in listening or pleasing anybody, they’re just interested in tracking with their noses. The sighthounds want to chase anything that moves. For every dog breed there’s a purpose, and the mixed breeds are just a combination of the purebreds. I can see how it might be easy to superficially judge a dog who is kind of slow and not paying a lot of attention to what you say and really not that interested in performing tricks, but it doesn’t mean that they’re not smart, and in some ways, being very independent could be more intelligent than being obedient.”

Scenthounds like Basset Hounds, Beagles and Bloodhounds can sniff out almost anything. Sighthounds can spot their prey making the slightest movement and swiftly chase it down. A Border Collie is far more trainable than a Bloodhound, but a Bloodhound is far superior at tracking scents than a Border Collie. They each have different skills, but they excel in their own ways.

Determining the dumbest dog breeds presents the same issues as determining human intelligence

Dr. Dodman notes how gauging human intelligence can present a similar conundrum to determining the dumbest dog breeds. “It just depends on how you grade people,” he explains. “Some people are good at math, some people are good at English. You can be good at some things and not so good at others.”

Considering the vast differences in skill sets among dogs, and taking into account the fact that dogs don’t speak our language, how can we accurately assess a dog’s intelligence and thus, the dumbest dog breeds? “It seems to be like multiple intelligences,” Dr. Dodman says. “Do you measure them as being particularly bright like Jasper, almost a savant, when it came to hunting? Or do you have to average out all the behaviors over 10 different types of behavior and give them an average score, which I imagine would come back to be pretty much the same for all dogs?”

Brian Hare, Ph.D., associate professor of evolutionary anthropology at Duke University in North Carolina, and founder of the Duke Canine Cognition Center, studies dog psychology. “We play the same types of games that researchers play with young children,” he says. “We give dogs puzzles to solve, and the choices they make reveal how their minds work.”

According to Dr. Hare, dog intelligence and the dumbest dog breeds are not black and white matters. “I don’t really think there is any such thing as ‘smart’ dogs and ‘dumb’ dogs,” he states. “That is just a throwback to a linear version of intelligence, as though intelligence is a cup of coffee that is more or less full. Different dogs are good at different things. And all of them are geniuses in their own way.”

(Video) Top 10 Dumbest Dog Breeds

In fact, some of the research on dumbest dogs might not be accurate

As it turns out, some of the research done to determine the most intelligent dogs or dumbest dog breeds might not be entirely accurate.

“The scientific work on breeds has not really held up,” Dr. Hare states. “Most breeds are only 150 years old, so there is very little to distinguish them. To scientifically prove the smartest breed, you would need to compare at least 30 dogs from each breed. They would have to be puppies raised and tested in a similar manner to control for the effect to rearing history and age on performance. If you took the AKC breeds or all breeds worldwide, you would need between 6,000 to 12,000 puppies, decades of work, millions of dollars and about a thousand graduate students. It is no wonder no one has done it.”

In fact, in his own research, Dr. Hare has seen as much variation within a breed as between them. “For example, Labradors bred for the military are the same breed as Labradors bred to be assistance dogs —and you have never seen two more different dogs in your life,” he explains.

Humans categorizing certain breeds as the dumbest dog breeds is less about truly measuring their intelligence and more about not understanding the breed’s particular skillset.

“No individual dog or an entire breed should be considered ‘dumb,’”says Gina DiNardo, executive secretary for the American Kennel Club. “Ease of training is not an accurate way to assess a dog’s intelligence. What we humans may perceive as an animal being ‘dumb’ may be independence, stubbornness or aloofness, which are common characteristics in many breeds. Training takes time and patience, and every dog is different. Learn different training techniques available, and if you are having problems, seek out a trainer who can give you the skills that you need to teach your dog.”

So, what is it about certain breeds that caused them to end up as the dumbest dog breeds in Dr. Coren’s book The Intelligence of Dogs? Let’s take a look at each of the supposed dumbest dog breeds.

The 10 Dumbest Dog Breeds and Why They’ve Been Characterized as “Dumb”

1. Afghan Hound

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (4)

The Afghan Hound tops the dumbest dog breeds list according to The Intelligence of Dogs, but Afghan lovers surely disagree. Afghans are sighthounds, which means they were bred to hunt using their extraordinary speed and eyesight. Like many sighthounds, Afghans can be aloof, which means they can be a little standoffish and reserved, especially with strangers. They can also be stubborn and independent. Due to these traits, Afghans are not easy to train, but that doesn’t mean they’re dumb. They simply prefer to think for themselves and do things on their own terms. You might have to be more creative when training an Afghan, but their elegance, regal air and devotion to their humans makes them special companions.

(Video) A Guide To Dumb Dog Breeds: What is the Dumbest Dog?

2. Basenji

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (5)

The Basenji is another sighthound that makes the list of dumbest dog breeds for his independence and aloofness. Some people describe this breed as having feline qualities, and in fact, many Basenjis will groom themselves like cats. The breed has earned a reputation for being “untrainable,” but again, ease of training is not always an accurate indicator of intelligence. Quite the contrary, Basenjis are intelligent, curious and playful. Like inquisitive toddlers, they are smart enough to get into trouble if you don’t watch them carefully. Raising a Basenji can sometimes feel like taming a wild animal. They are watchful and wary, and although most bond with their owners, they may or may not like your friends. Bottom line: Basenjis are stubborn so they aren’t consistently obedient, but they can be trained. Positive methods are best.

3. Bulldog

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (6)

Another breed known for stubbornness on the list of dumbest dog breeds is the Bulldog. The term “bullheaded” fits the Bulldog to a T. For this reason, Bulldogs can be difficult to train, but dumb? You only have to look to one of the famous skateboarding or surfing Bulldogs to see that they are definitely capable of learning. Bulldogs are also labeled as lazy, but clearly some enjoy more vigorous activities than lying on the couch.

4. Chow Chow

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (7)

Chow Chows might look like adorable teddy bears, but they are not always the cuddly type. Originally bred to be guard dogs, Chows are serious, independent and aloof. They are strong-willed and stubborn, and therefore more difficult to train, which lands them a spot on the list of dumbest dog breeds. Chows are intelligent —they just have minds of their own. If not trained correctly, Chows might challenge their humans for authority, which can become problematic. For these reasons, Chows require firm but fair training and extensive socialization starting from an early age. When raised properly, Chows are noble, loyal and devoted companions.

5. Borzoi

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (8)

Yet another sighthound, the Borzoi is an independent freethinker. This breed gets on the dumbest dog breeds list since they can also be stubborn — training a Borzoi is an exercise in patience. Borzois seem to do best with frequent, short training sessions rather than hour-long classes. In the house, they are generally very well-mannered, calm, clean and quite affectionate, especially with their special people.

6. Bloodhound

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (9)

If you have ever witnessed the aurora borealis, the colorful northern lights display that transforming the night sky into a brilliant sight to behold, you might be able to understand how a scenthound like the Bloodhound “sees” the world with his sensitive nose. Bloodhounds make the list of dumbest dog breeds and are hard to train because they are so distracted by all the glorious scents just waiting to be investigated. They also have a ton of energy, are stubborn and independent, and are absolutely relentless when on a scent trail. Combined together, the Bloodhound’s unique skills can sometimes make these dogs challenging to live with, but enter a Bloodhound in a tracking event and watch his special talents shine.

7. Pekingese

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (10)

One reason people might think Pekingese are a little slow is the fact that they are somewhat sloth-like. At home, they enjoy lounging about and surveying their domain. This could be due to their physical build or partly held over from their history as sacred pets of the Tang Dynasty in 8th-century China. In fact, Pekingese were called “sleeve dogs” because members of the Imperial household carried their cherished companions around snugly nestled in their voluminous sleeves. Can you blame the Peke for enjoying the easy life? Pekingese are also stubborn and difficult to housebreak. This doesn’t make them dumb, but it does make for some training challenges. Start training early and be consistent.

8. Beagle

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (11)

Like Bloodhounds, Beagles like to follow their noses, which can sometimes get them into trouble … and lands them on the list of dumbest dog breeds. The Beagle’s sweet, affectionate nature, combined with his happy-go-lucky outlook might lead you to think he’s empty headed, but this breed is far from dumb. It’s best to keep Beagles on a leash. They can’t resist the urge to explore, smell the world and chase small critters.

(Video) 10 Dumbest Dog Breeds But Lovable

9. Mastiff

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (12)

The large, laid-back Mastiff is a very chill dog. So chill, in fact, that you might thing he’s a little dense. They are also a bit stubborn and might be more challenging to train than some breeds. Again, activity level and ease of training aren’t necessarily good indicators of intelligence. Mastiffs are actually quite bright. Due to their size and natural wariness of strangers, it’s essential for owners to start training and socialization early in puppyhood so Mastiffs develop into well-behaved and discerning companions.

10. Basset Hound

Does Your Dog Make the List of the Dumbest Dog Breeds? (13)

Like the Pekingese, Basset Hounds can be a bit lazy. This could be in part to their long and low bodies or their laid-back personalities. Bassets can be a little stubborn, and like their scenthound cousins the Bloodhounds and the Beagles, Bassets might have trouble ignoring the amazing scents around them long enough to concentrate on learning. However, Bassets want to please their people and are very food motivated, so they do respond well to training. Don’t mistake the Basset’s easy-going personality for lack of intelligence, though. They are bright and affectionate dogs.

The bottom line on the dumbest dog breeds

It’s not fair to label any breed or individual dog dumb. Yes, some dogs are brighter than others, but most dogs are good at something — you just have to figure out what.

“Some dogs do some things better than others, and they have different behaviors.,” Dr. Dodman says. “Police dogs and army dogs tend to be the German Shepherd Dog and Malinois types because they’re easily trainable. Does that mean they’re smart? Or does it mean they’re not so smart because they always follow other people’s directions and don’t think independently? You can argue it both ways.”

Note: Dogster does not believe any dog breed is a “dumb” dog breed.

Thumbnail:Photography ©dimarik | Thinkstock.

Having trouble training your dog? Find out 3 reasons why dogs ignore our cues >>


Originally published in 2012 and updated in 2018.

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Dog breed profiles help everyone, whether you have a mixed breed or purebred dog, to better understand and improve the quality of your dog’s life. If you have a mixed breed dog, read up on all of the breed profiles that make up your dog. Not sure what breed your dog is? There are a number of easy DNA tests out there to help your find out.

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Which breed of dog has the lowest IQ? ›

Least intelligent dog breeds: Basenji

This is unique breed is widely known as the “barkless” dog—instead of barking, it makes yodeling noises.

Which dog is Number 1 in intelligence? ›

1. Border collie. According to The Intelligence of Dogs, which ranks 131 dog breeds in terms of their relative intelligence, the border collie is the smartest dog breed known to man.

Can dogs be dumber than other dogs? ›

Are some breeds smarter than others? According to many experts, the answer is no, although some breeds may be better adapted to certain tasks. For example, working dogs have been bred to understand and follow commands.

What is the messiest dog breed? ›

10 Messiest Dog Breeds
  • Mastiff. ...
  • Collie. ...
  • Spinone Italiano. ...
  • Border Collie. ...
  • Samoyed. ...
  • Bulldog. ...
  • Dogue de Bordeaux. Known as the drooling, messy "Hooch" in the Tom Hanks' film Turner and Hooch, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a French breed with a powerful, muscular build and massive head. ...
  • Siberian Husky.
17 Jan 2014

What is the most difficult dog breed to train? ›

So let's talk about the top 10 hardest dogs to train:
  • Rottweilers.
  • American Pit Bull Terriers.
  • Siberian Huskies.
  • Bullmastiffs.
  • Chinese Shar-Pei.
  • Afghan Hounds.
  • Basset Hounds.
  • Beagles.
2 Mar 2022

Are cats smarter than dogs? ›

Though this data might seem to suggest that dogs are twice as intelligent as cats, a direct correlation between larger brain size and increased intelligence has not been conclusively proven. Regardless, dogs' higher neuron count is often viewed as a gauge of their superior intelligence.

Why do dogs lick you? ›

Licking is a natural and instinctive behaviour to dogs. For them it's a way of grooming, bonding, and expressing themselves. Your dog may lick you to say they love you, to get your attention, to help soothe themselves if they're stressed, to show empathy or because you taste good to them!

Is it OK to sleep with your dog? ›

Go ahead and sleep with your dog—it's perfectly safe, as long as you are both healthy. In fact, sharing your bedroom with your canine companion—as long as he isn't under the covers—may actually improve your sleep, according to recent research published by Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Does dog intelligence depend on breed? ›

According to several behavioral measures, Coren says dogs' mental abilities are close to a human child age 2 to 2.5 years. The intelligence of various types of dogs does differ and the dog's breed determines some of these differences, Coren says.

Do dogs see us as gods? ›

Dogs lack the conceptual ability to conceive of a “god” - But they do know a good deal when they see one. And they've been largely bred to be loyal and friendly. This was not a natural evolution, it was a deliberately directed manipulation of characteristics.

Does the size of a dog affect intelligence? ›

A new study published in Animal Cognition indicates that bigger dogs, who have larger brains than smaller dogs, perform better than smaller dogs on some measures of intelligence.

What is the most manipulative dog breed? ›

Lhasa Apso

Lhasas have also been described as manipulative, mischievous and uncompromising.

What dog breeds to avoid at all costs? ›

The 14 most often blacklisted dog breeds were:
  • Pit Bull Terriers.
  • Staffordshire Terriers.
  • Rottweilers.
  • German Shepherds.
  • Presa Canarios.
  • Chows Chows.
  • Doberman Pinschers.
  • Akitas.
27 May 2014

Which animal has highest IQ? ›

CHIMPANZEES. RECKONED to be the most-intelligent animals on the planet, chimps can manipulate the environment and their surroundings to help themselves and their community. They can work out how to use things as tools to get things done faster, and they have outsmarted people many a time.

Are dogs color blind? ›

Human eyes have three types of cones that can identify combinations of red, blue, and green. Dogs possess only two types of cones and can only discern blue and yellow - this limited color perception is called dichromatic vision.

Are dogs more loyal than cats? ›

Zak studied 10 cats and 10 dogs to see how much affection they had for their humans, and it turns out dogs love their owners almost five times more than cats do, according to the Huffington Post.

What does it mean when your dog follows you to the bathroom? ›

If your dog follows you into the bathroom, it's likely a result of their animal instinct and pack mentality. Canines who do this are referred to as “Velcro dogs,” due to their desire to be attached to your side. They may follow you around, even to the bathroom, to protect a part of their pack.

Can dogs see in the dark? ›

Obviously, his stronger sense of smell is useful, but it's also because dogs can see movement and light in the dark, and other low-light situations, better than humans. They are assisted by the high number of light-sensitive rods within the retina of their eyes. Rods collect dim light, supporting better night vision.

Why do dogs tilt their heads when we talk to them? ›

A dog tilts his head to show that he is engaged much the way a human would nod during a conversation to indicate that he is listening.

Which dog breeds bond with one person? ›

For example, grey hounds, Shiba Inus, Cairn terriers, and Basenjis often bond strongly with one person, while Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, poodles, and beagles like to spread the love more equally.

Which dog is not loyal? ›

According to Svartberg's data (PDF), a pinscher, a Bernese mountain dog, or an English springer spaniel might be the most disloyal since each ranks very low on playfulness, with moderate sociability.

Why do dogs steal your spot? ›

Seat-Stealing as a Sign of Affection

As social animals, dogs want to be part of a safe and secure place in which they feel they belong. This goes back to the pack mentality of their wolf ancestors. Back then, the strength and support of the den was a matter of life and death, and they'd stop at nothing to protect it.

Do dogs sleep with the alpha human? ›

Alpha Family Member

This person, in the eyes of the canine, becomes the alpha member of the pack and Fido will follow the alpha everywhere, even into bed when invited (unless Fido is crate trained where the crate becomes his own safe place).

Do dogs like being kissed? ›

Most dogs tolerate kisses from their owners fairly well. Some may even come to associate kisses with love and attention, and quite a few even enjoy kisses from their people. They'll usually show their pleasure by wagging their tails, looking alert and happy, and licking you back.

What is pug IQ? ›

Pugs are the 108th smartest dog breed when considering obedience & working IQ. This places them in the “below average” class for dog IQ. Despite this, Pugs tend to have high adaptive intelligence. In other words, Pugs are great at communicating, which requires a special type of dog intelligence.

What is a dog's IQ? ›

Researchers have found that the average IQ of dogs is about 100. When compared to humans, this IQ is similar to the intelligence of two-year-old human toddlers. In general, studies have shown that canines have the smarts of children anywhere from 2 to 2.5 years of age.

How much IQ does a German shepherd have? ›

German Shepherds are smarter than most other dogs as they are ranked 3rd for intelligence. Intelligence is measured by working and obedience intelligence, i.e., the dog's trainability.
Are German Shepherds Smarter Than Other Dogs.
Are German Shepherds Smarter Than:Yes/NoRanking
Australian Cattle DogsYes10
9 more rows
11 Apr 2022

Are smaller dogs less intelligent? ›

A new study published in Animal Cognition indicates that bigger dogs, who have larger brains than smaller dogs, perform better than smaller dogs on some measures of intelligence.

Are pigs smarter than dogs? ›

Pigs are gentle creatures with surprising intelligence. Studies have found they're smarter than dogs and even 3-year-old children! In the wild, pigs form small groups that typically include a few sows and their piglets.

Do pugs live in pain? ›

erhm... on heat! lol So, not all pugs are sick and living in pain -- that's a misconception. They're also the dog breed most likely to get struck by lightning, fall in a pit or run face first into a spinning saw blade.

Why are pugs so snuggly? ›

Typically, a Pug will sleep around 14 hours a day, much longer than more active breeds, but this is usually because they have nothing else going on. Pugs love to be close to their people, which is why they get so cuddly on the couch.

What is IQ of Bill Gates? ›

Stephen Hawking's IQ – How Yours Compares to His and Other Famous Persons' IQ
Name (First/Last)DescriptionIQ (SB)
Benjamin FranklinWriter, scientist & politician160
Benjamin NetanyahuIsraeli Prime Minister180
Bill GatesCEO, Microsoft160
Bill (William) Jefferson ClintonPresident137
111 more rows

Do dogs think humans are dogs? ›

The short answer to “do dogs think humans are dogs?” is no. Sometimes, they'd probably like us to roll in the mud with them and get as excited about the dog park. Beyond that, they probably don't think of us as tall hairless doggos with a source of dog treats.

How many words can a dog remember? ›

As for language, the average dog can learn 165 words, including signals, and the “super dogs” (those in the top 20 percent of dog intelligence) can learn 250 words, Coren says.

What is normal human IQ? ›

IQ tests are made to have an average score of 100. Psychologists revise the test every few years in order to maintain 100 as the average. Most people (about 68 percent) have an IQ between 85 and 115. Only a small fraction of people have a very low IQ (below 70) or a very high IQ (above 130).

What is the IQ of a Pit Bull? ›

The Pit Bull, namely the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and American Staffordshire Terrier, are average to above average intelligent dogs. For obedience & working intelligence, they're the 94th and 48th smartest dog breeds, respectively. Pit Bulls tend to have high adaptive IQ.

Do little dogs think they are big? ›

If your small dogs is scared or even aggressive towards larger dogs, this may be because they are fearful. Hence, we see the lunging, barking or snapping at bigger dogs. This behaviour gives the impression that small dogs perceive themselves to be bigger than they actually are.

Who is smarter big dogs or small dogs? ›

Summary: Larger dogs have better short-term memory and self-control than smaller breeds, according to new research. Bigger dogs, with larger brains, perform better on certain measures of intelligence than their smaller canine counterparts, according to a new study led by the University of Arizona.

How big is a dog's brain vs fruit? ›

A dog's brain is about the size of a tangerine. That means it doesn't have as many folds as the human brain or the capacity for higher thinking. The human brain-to-body ratio is 1:40. In dogs, it is 1:125 across all breeds, according to a study published in the Intelligence issue of Popular Science.


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