How to Write an Analysis Paper: Analytical Essay Example + Writing Guide (2023)

An analysis / analytical essay is a standard assignment in college or university. You might be asked to conduct an in-depth analysis of a research paper, a report, a movie, a company, a book, or an event. In this article, you’ll find out how to write an analysis paper introduction, thesis, main body, and conclusion, and analytical essay example.

So, what is an analytical essay? This type of assignment implies that you set up an argument and analyze it using a range of claims. The claims should be supported by appropriate empirical evidence. Note that you need to explore both the positive and negative sides of the issue fully.

Analytical skills are the key to getting through your academic career. Moreover, they can be useful in many real-life situations. Keep reading this article by Custom-writing experts to learn how to write an analysis!

  1. ❓ What Is an Analytical Essay?

  2. 🤔 Getting Started

  3. 📑 Analytical Essay Outline

  4. 📔 Choosing a Title

  5. 💁 Writing an Introduction

  6. 🏋 Writing a Body

  7. 🏁 Writing a Conclusion

  8. ✏️ FAQ

  9. 🔗 References

❓ What Is an Analytical Essay?

Before you learn how to start an analysis essay, you should understand some fundamentals of writing this type of paper. It implies that you analyze an argument using a range of claims supported by facts. It is essential to understand that in your analysis essay, you’ll need to explore the negative sides of the issue and the positive ones. That’s what distinguishes an analytical essay from, say, a persuasive one.

These are the steps to write an academic paper:

  1. Review the literature. Before starting any paper, you should familiarize yourself with what has already been written in the field. And the analytical essay is no exception. The easiest way is to search on the web for the information.

  2. Brainstorm ideas. After you’ve done your search, it is time for a brainstorm! Make a list of topics for your analysis essay, and then choose the best one. Generate your thesis statement in the same way.

  3. Prepare an outline. Now, when you’ve decided on the topic and the thesis statement of your analytical essay, think of its structure. Below you will find more detailed information on how your paper should be structured.

  4. Write the first draft. You’ve done a lot of work by now. Congratulations! Your next goal is to write the first version of your analysis essay, using all the notes that you have. Remember, you don’t need to make it perfect!

  5. Polish your draft. Now take your time to polish and edit your draft to transform it into the paper’s final version.

You are usually assigned to analyze an article, a book, a movie, or an event. If you need to write your analytical essay on a book or an article, you’ll have to analyze the style of the text, its main points, and the author’s purported goals.

(Video) How To Write An Analytical Essay (Definition, Preparation, Outline) | EssayPro

🤔 Analytical Essay: Getting Started

The key to writing an analysis paper is to choose an argument that you will defend throughout it. For example: maybe you are writing a critical analysis paper on George Orwell’s Animal Farm The first and imperative task is to think about your thesis statement. In the case of Animal Farm, the argument could be:

Example:

In Orwell’s Animal Farm, rhetoric and language prove to be more effective ways to keep social control than physical power.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill gives a great explanation of the thesis statement, how to create one, and what its function is.

But that’s not all. Once you have your thesis statement, you need to break down how you will approach your analysis essay to prove your thesis. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Define the main goal(s) of your analysis. Remember that it is impossible to address each and every aspect in a single paper. Know your goal and focus on it.

  2. Conduct research, both online and offline, to clarify the issue contained within your thesis statement.

  3. Identify the main parts of the issue by looking at each part separately to see how it works.

  4. Try to clearly understand how each part works.

  5. Identify the links between the various aspects of the topic.

  6. By using the information you found, try to solve your main problem.

At this point, you should have a clear understanding of both the topic and your thesis statement. You should also have a clear direction for your analysis paper firmly planted in your mind and recorded in writing.

This will give you what you need to produce the paper’s outline.

📑 Analytical Essay Outline

An outline is the starting point for your work. A typical analytical essay features the usual essay structure. A 500-word essay should consist of a one-paragraph introduction, a three-paragraph body, and a one-paragraph conclusion. Find below a great analytical essay outline sample. Feel free to use it as an example when doing your own work!

Analysis Essay: Introduction

  1. Start with a startling statement or provocative question.

Example:

“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal”. Animal Farm abounds in ironic and provocative phrases to start an analytical essay.

  1. Introduce the work and its author.

  2. Give background information that would help the reader understand your opinion.

  3. Formulate a thesis statement informing the reader about the purpose of the essay. Essay format does not presuppose telling everything possible on the given topic. Thus, a thesis statement tells what you are going to say, implying what you will not discuss, establishing the limits.

Example:

In Animal Farm, Orwell uses different irony types to ridicule totalitarianism to manifest its inability to make every member of society equal and happy.

Analysis Essay: Body

The analytical essay structure requires 2-3 developmental paragraphs, each dedicated to one separate idea confirming your thesis statement. The following template should be used for each of the body paragraphs.

  1. Start with a topic sentence that supports an aspect of your thesis.

Example:

(Video) How To Write An Analytical Essay: What Is It?

Dramatic irony is used in Animal Farm to point out society’s ignorance.

  1. Continue with textual evidence (paraphrase, summary, direct quotations, specific details). Use several examples that substantiate the topic sentence.

Example:

Animals are unaware of the fact that Boxer was never sent to the hospital. He was sent to the slaughterhouse. However, the reader and writer understand that this is a lie.

  1. Conclude with an explanation.

Example:

By allowing the readers to learn some essential facts before the characters, dramatic irony creates suspense and shows how easy it is to persuade and manipulate the public.

Analysis Essay Conclusion

The next four points will give you a short instruction on how to conclude an analytical essay.

  1. Never use new information or topics here.

  2. Restate your thesis in a different formulation.

  3. Summarize the body paragraphs.

  4. Comment on the analyzed text from a new perspective.

📔 Choosing a Title for Your Analysis Essay

Choosing a title seems like not a significant step, but it is actually very important. The title of your critical analysis paper should:

  • Entice and engage the reader

  • Be unique and capture the readers’ attention

  • Provide an adequate explanation of the content of the essay in just a few carefully chosen words

In the Animal Farm example, your title could be:

Example:

“How Do the Pigs Manage to Keep Social Control on Animal Farm?”

💁 Writing Your Analytical Essay Introduction

You must understand how to compose an introduction to an analysis paper. The University of Wollongong describes the introduction as a “map” of any writing. When writing the introduction, follow these steps:

  1. Provide a lead-in for the reader by offering a general introduction to the topic of the paper.

  2. Include your thesis statement, which shifts the reader from the generalized introduction to the specific topic and its related issues to your unique take on the essay topic.

  3. Present a general outline of the analysis paper.

Watch this great video for further instructions on how to write an introduction to an analysis essay.

Example of an Analytical Essay Introduction

Example:

“Four legs good, two legs bad” is one of the many postulates invented by George Orwell for his characters in Animal Farm to vest them with socialist ideology and control over the animal population. The social revolution on Manor Farm was built on language instruments, first for the collective success of the animals, and later for the power consolidation by the pigs. The novel was written in 1945 when the transition from limitless freedoms of socialist countries transformed into dictatorship. Through his animal protagonists, the author analyzes the reasons for peoples’ belief in the totalitarian regime. In Orwell’s Animal Farm, rhetoric and language prove to be more effective ways to keep social control than physical power.

(Video) How to Write an AMAZING Analytical Essay (Easy Step by Step Guide)

🏋 Writing Your Analytical Essay Body

The body of the paper may be compared to its heart. This is the part where you show off your talent for analysis by providing convincing, well-researched, and well-thought-out arguments to support your thesis statement. You have already gathered the information, and now all you may start crafting your paper.

To make the body of an analytical essay, keep the following in mind:

  • Discuss one argument per paragraph, although each argument can relate to multiple issues

  • Strike a balance between writing in an unbiased tone, while expressing your personal opinion

  • Be reasonable when making judgments regarding any of the problems you discuss

  • Remember to include the opposing point of view to create a balanced perspective

The bottom line is: you want to offer opposing views, but you must pose your arguments so they will counter those opposing views and prove your point of view. Follow these steps when constructing each body paragraph:

  1. Choose the main sentence. The main or topic sentence will be the first line in your essay. The topic sentence is responsible for presenting the argument you will discuss in the paragraph and demonstrate how this argument relates to the thesis statement.

  2. Provide the context for the topic sentence, whether it relates to a quote, a specific incident in society, or something else. Offer evidence on who, what, where, when, why, and how.

  3. Give your analysis of the argument and how it adequately proves your thesis.

  4. Write a closing sentence that sums up the paragraph and provides a transition to the following paragraph.

Example of an Analytical Essay Body

Example:

Literacy can grant power, provided that there are animals who cannot read or write. In the beginning, the animals’ literacy and intellect are relatively the same. Old Major is the cleverest pig; he is the kind old philosopher, like Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin. During his retirement, he develops a theory that all humans are the root of evil. His speech was the foundation for the pigs’ assumption of power. They refined his ideas into a new ideology and called it Animalism. They also learned how to read. It allowed the pigs to declare themselves the “mind workers.” Therefore, the pigs’ literacy assured the illiterate animals in their objective superiority.

Meanwhile, as the pigs were the intellectual elite, they were not supposed to work, which raised their social status by itself. Snowball tried to promote education among all the animals, but most of them failed to master the alphabet. This is a metaphor for the general public being predominantly ignorant and easy to manipulate. At the same time, Boxer and other animals that spend most of the day in hard work merely have no time to develop their intellect. Thus, the pigs’ intention to build a school for pig children was highly efficient. Unequal access to education and unequal ability to express one’s thoughts in perspective reinforce the social divide, making the pigs smarter and more powerful and undermining other animals’ self-esteem.

At this point, the pigs resort to propaganda and rhetoric. Squealer uses his oratorical gift to refine the pigs’ message to the other animals. Upon Napoleon’s order, he breaks the Seven Commandments of farm governance. At night, he climbs the ladder to change them, and once even falls from the ladder trying to change the commandment on alcohol. The “proletarian” animals soon forget what the Seven Commandments were like in the first place and are unsure if they have ever been altered. Further on, Minimus writes a poem praising Napoleon. Finally, Squealer replaces the Commandments with a single assertion: “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” Language is no longer used to convince. It is used to control and manipulate.

🏁 Writing Your Analytical Essay Conclusion

The conclusion is short and sweet. It summarizes everything you just wrote in the essay and wraps it up with a beautiful shiny bow. Follow these steps to write a convincing conclusion:

  1. Repeat the thesis statement and summarize your argument. Even when using the best summary generator for the task, reread it to make sure all the crucial points are included.

  2. Take your argument beyond what is simply stated in your paper. You want to show how it is essential in terms of the bigger picture. Also, you may dwell on the influence on citizens of the country.

Example of an Analytical Essay Conclusion

Example:

Because of everything mentioned above, it becomes clear that language and rhetoric can rise to power, establish authority, and manipulate ordinary people. Animal Farm is the simplified version of a communist society. It shows how wise philosophers’ good intentions can be used by mean leaders to gain unopposed power and unconditional trust. Unfortunately, this can lead to the death of many innocent animals, i.e., people, as totalitarianism has nothing to do with people’s rule. Therefore, language and oratory are potent tools that can keep people oppressed and weak, deprive them of any chance for improvement and growth, and make them think that there is no other possible existence.

Now you are ready to write an analysis essay! See, it’s easier than you thought.

Of course, it’s always helpful to see other analysis essay examples. The University of Arkansas at Little Rock provides some great examples of an analytical paper.

✏️ Analysis Essay FAQ

❓ What makes a good analysis?

A great analytical paper should be well-structured, cohesive, and logically consistent. Each part of the essay should be in its place, creating a smooth and easy-to-read text. Most importantly, the statements should be objective and backed by arguments and examples.

(Video) Analytical essay | How to Write a Critique Essay 2021

❓ What is an analysis essay?

It is a paper devoted to analyzing a certain topic or subject. An analysis essay is all about reviewing certain details of the subject and interpreting them. For example, such an analysis for a poem includes a description of artistic means that helped the poet convey the idea.

❓ How to write an analytical essay?

Writing an analytical essay on a book/movie/poem start with an outline. Point out what catches the eye when reviewing the subject. See how these details can be interpreted. Make sure that you refer to the main idea/message. Add an appropriate introduction and a logical conclusion.

❓ How to be analytical in writing?

Being more analytical in writing can be essential for a student. This is a skill that can be self-taught: try to start noticing subtle details and describe them. As you write, interpret the facts and strive to draw conclusions. Try to be as objective as possible.

🔗 References

FAQs

What are the 7 steps to writing an analytical essay? ›

How to write an analytical essay
  1. Take your stance on a topic. Depending on the assignment, you may either be given a topic, or you could be tasked with choosing one. ...
  2. Draft your thesis statement. ...
  3. Write your topic sentences. ...
  4. Gather data from outside sources. ...
  5. Outline and structure your essay. ...
  6. Write your essay. ...
  7. Proofread and edit.

What is the format of the essay write an analytical essay? ›

In most cases, an analytical essay will include an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Your analytical essay should outline at least three main arguments that must be present in both thesis and body paragraphs. Remember to list all the main points in your analytical essay structure.

What is analytical essay give examples? ›

An analytical essay dissects something such as a concept, an idea, a thing, or even a character. Its major aim is to enhance the understanding of readers. An analysis could be done through a process, definition, classification and division, or comparison and contrast.

What are the 4 features of analytical writing? ›

The 4 most crucial characteristics of a Analytical Essay Writing
  • It is Not a synopsis. ...
  • A Thesis is needed by it Declaration. ...
  • It requires to Be Supported Up By Research. ...
  • It requires to Be Well Structured.

How many paragraphs should an analytical essay have? ›

An analytical essay is basically an expanded five-paragraph essay containing an introduction, body, and conclusion, with specific components required for each section. Basic outline of an Analytical Essay.

What should you avoid in writing analytical essay? ›

Avoid introducing your ideas by stating "I think" or "in my opinion." Keep the focus on the subject of your analysis, not on yourself. Identifying your opinions weakens them. Always introduce the work. Do not assume that because your reader knows what you are writing about, you do not need to mention the work's title.

How do you write an introduction paragraph for an analysis paper? ›

The essay introduction provides a quick overview of where your argument is going. It should include your thesis statement and a summary of the essay's structure. A typical structure for an introduction is to begin with a general statement about the text and author, using this to lead into your thesis statement.

What makes a good analytical essay? ›

A critical analytical essay analyzes a topic, often a text or film. The analysis paper uses evidence to support the argument, such as excerpts from the piece of writing. All analytical papers include a thesis, analysis of the topic, and evidence to support that analysis.

What is the format of analysis? ›

Format analysis is used to validate the pattern of characters used to store a data value in selective columns (for example, telephone numbers, Social Security numbers) that have a standard general format.

How do you start an analysis sentence? ›

In general, an analysis paragraph can have the same format as other types of paragraphs. The first sentence would be the topic sentence and state your main analysis of the essay. That would be followed by examples from the essay to support that main point.

How do you write a topic sentence for an analytical essay? ›

Good topic sentences can improve an essay's readability and organization.
...
It needs to meet three criteria:
  1. It must be arguable rather than a statement of fact. ...
  2. It must be limited enough so that the paper develops in some depth. ...
  3. It must be unified so that the paper does not stray from the topic.

What is analytic example? ›

Examples of analytic sentences include: Frozen water is ice. Bachelors are unmarried men. Two halves make up a whole.

What are the steps in writing an analysis? ›

How to write an analysis
  1. Choose your argument.
  2. Define your thesis.
  3. Write the introduction.
  4. Write the body paragraphs.
  5. Add a conclusion.

What are the parts of the introduction of an analysis essay? ›

Frequently asked questions about the essay introduction

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order: An opening hook to catch the reader's attention. Relevant background information that the reader needs to know. A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.

What is the most important element in a good analytical essay? ›

Good analytical essay writing will need to be well researched, well structured, with a strong thesis statement and most of all, it needs to talk about the metaphorical side of the book (analysis) rather than the physical one (summary).

How can I improve my analytical writing? ›

GRE Analytical Writing: 7 Expert Tips to Maximize your Score
  1. The Analyze an Issue Task.
  2. #1 State a thesis, and state it early.
  3. #2 Use a standard pattern of organization.
  4. #3 Order paragraphs effectively.
  5. #4 Use a Standard Pattern of Paragraphing.
  6. #5 Develop each paragraph fully.
  7. #6 Take care with tone and person.
20 Aug 2018

How long should an analysis essay be? ›

Make sure your essay meets the length requirement: 4-5 pages, including “Works Cited” (at least 4 FULL pages).

How long should an introduction be for an analytical essay? ›

The introduction and conclusion should both be approximately 10% of the overall essay word count. For example, if you write a 1500 word essay, your introduction and conclusion will be around 150 words each.

What is the key to writing an analytical paragraph? ›

Features of an analytical paragraph writing-

It should be brief and comprehensive (include complete information) at the same time. It should state facts that are provided by the chart. It is necessary to make use of simple and accurate language. It should mention figures and quantities appropriately.

Do analytical essays need a thesis? ›

An analytical essay answers how something does what it does or why it is as it is. Therefore, a thesis statement in an analysis paper should be answering a HOW or WHY question. A strong thesis makes a claim about the subject that needs proving.

What are the two possible topics of analytical essay? ›

25 Best Topics for Analytical Essays. Video games for children. The balance between family life and career. Various forms of addiction.

What are the 3 most important things to keep in mind when writing an essay? ›

There are three things to consider before writing your essay: thesis, type, and audience. Of these, the most important by far is your thesis, or the crux of what your essay is about. Your thesis, encapsulated in your thesis statement, is the central point you're trying to make.

What three main ingredients are essential components of an analytical essay? ›

The main parts (or sections) to an essay are the intro, body, and conclusion.

What are the 7 elements of an essay? ›

7 Essential Elements Of A Perfect Essay
  • # 1 – Do your Research. ...
  • # 2 – Outline Your Essay. ...
  • # 3 – The Introduction. ...
  • # 4 – The Body. ...
  • # 5 – The Conclusion. ...
  • # 6 – Proofreading & Editing. ...
  • # 7 – Read It One More Time! ...
  • Write The Perfect Essay Every Time!

What are the 5 main parts of an essay? ›

An outline is often used to demonstrate the content of most five-paragraph essays:
  • Introduction.
  • Body. First Point. Second Point. Third Point.
  • Conclusion.

What are the four 4 basic parts of an essay? ›

What are the parts of an essay?
  • Introduction.
  • Body.
  • Conclusion.
12 Jul 2022

What is analytic example? ›

Examples of analytic sentences include: Frozen water is ice. Bachelors are unmarried men. Two halves make up a whole.

What makes a good analytical essay? ›

Understand the objective of an analytical essay.

An analytical essay means you will need to present some type of argument, or claim, about what you are analyzing. Most often you will have to analyze another piece of writing or a film, but you could also be asked to analyze an issue, or an idea.

What are the three parts of an analytical paragraph? ›

  • The introduction. The introduction is the first paragraph that should describe in brief what the graph is about. ...
  • The body of the paragraph. This part of the analytical paragraph should contain details of the graph/chart given in the question. ...
  • The conclusion.

What are good topics for an analytical essay? ›

25 Easy Topics for Analytical Essays
  • Why do people have phobias?
  • How to get rid of gambling addiction?
  • Love is a chemical reaction?
  • Why do people see nightmares?
  • Why do we yawn and sneeze?
  • Why do people want more sugar?
  • Why do many people lie?
  • Why do we feel angry?
11 May 2022

What are the 5 steps of the analytic approach? ›

Here, we'll walk you through the five steps of analyzing data.
  • Step One: Ask The Right Questions. So you're ready to get started. ...
  • Step Two: Data Collection. This brings us to the next step: data collection. ...
  • Step Three: Data Cleaning. ...
  • Step Four: Analyzing The Data. ...
  • Step Five: Interpreting The Results.
16 Mar 2020

What is the first step in the analytical process? ›

When starting from a solid problem [1], the steps involved in the overall analytical process are: (1) sampling and weighing; (2) dissolution, leaching, or physical removal; (3) clean-up; (4) preconcen- tration; (5) individual separation; and (6) detection and data treatment.

What should you avoid in writing analytical essay? ›

Avoid introducing your ideas by stating "I think" or "in my opinion." Keep the focus on the subject of your analysis, not on yourself. Identifying your opinions weakens them. Always introduce the work. Do not assume that because your reader knows what you are writing about, you do not need to mention the work's title.

What is the most important element in a good analytical essay? ›

Good analytical essay writing will need to be well researched, well structured, with a strong thesis statement and most of all, it needs to talk about the metaphorical side of the book (analysis) rather than the physical one (summary).

What is the format of analysis? ›

Format analysis is used to validate the pattern of characters used to store a data value in selective columns (for example, telephone numbers, Social Security numbers) that have a standard general format.

How many paragraphs should an analytical essay have? ›

An analytical essay is basically an expanded five-paragraph essay containing an introduction, body, and conclusion, with specific components required for each section. Basic outline of an Analytical Essay.

How do you start an analysis sentence? ›

In general, an analysis paragraph can have the same format as other types of paragraphs. The first sentence would be the topic sentence and state your main analysis of the essay. That would be followed by examples from the essay to support that main point.

What is the basic structure of an analysis paragraph? ›

There are three main components to an analysis paragraph. The first is a topic sentence. The second is the body of evidence. The third component is the concluding sentence.

Do analytical essays need a title? ›

Be sure to give your literary analysis essay a title. The title should be indicative of your essay's approach or perspective on the literary text.

Videos

1. Essay Writing Course Lesson 4: How to Write an Analysis Essay
(EssayShark)
2. How to Write an Analytical Essay? [Tips and Tricks] | Total Assignment Help
(Total Assignment Help)
3. How to Write an Analytical Essay [Most Easy Way]
(Mentority)
4. Proven Tips for Writing a Critical Analysis Essay [Structure, Writing Steps, Example]
(Global Assignment Help)
5. How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay
(Read, Write, and Cite)
6. Sample Analysis Paper
(Andrew Neuendorf)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Reed Wilderman

Last Updated: 02/14/2023

Views: 5586

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 91% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Reed Wilderman

Birthday: 1992-06-14

Address: 998 Estell Village, Lake Oscarberg, SD 48713-6877

Phone: +21813267449721

Job: Technology Engineer

Hobby: Swimming, Do it yourself, Beekeeping, Lapidary, Cosplaying, Hiking, Graffiti

Introduction: My name is Reed Wilderman, I am a faithful, bright, lucky, adventurous, lively, rich, vast person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.